Data

Data | Are States testing enough compared to the size of their coronavirus outbreaks?

“The pandemic has brought into focus India’s low spending on public health.” Healthcare workers in Mumbai in April.

“The pandemic has brought into focus India’s low spending on public health.” Healthcare workers in Mumbai in April.   | Photo Credit: FRANCIS MASCARENHAS

Measuring a region’s testing rate in comparison to its outbreak size will help identify those which are not testing enough

Are Indian States testing enough for COVID-19? While comparing the tests conducted per million population answers this question, it does not consider the size of the outbreak in these States. A method popularised by ourworldindata.org bridges this gap. By measuring the number of tests per confirmed case, it is possible to gauge which States are testing enough relative to the size of their outbreaks.

How to read the charts?

The five charts plot tests per million population (TPM) against cases per million people (CPM) in each State between April 16-May 16. Each coloured line traces the no. of tests per confirmed case in a State across this period.

The grey lines show the points on the chart where the number of tests are a fixed number of times larger than the number of  cases - 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 times larger*. For instance, the first grey line (10x) shows points on chart where the tests were 10 times more than the cases.

Relatively very high

Tests per million people (TPM) in these States are 200 times larger than their cases per million people (CPM) in recent days.

Viewing in app? Click to see graph

image/svg+xml Most of these States had a relatively smaller outbreak 110100 50 100 200 500 1,000 2,000 5,000 10,000 Assam Goa Tests per million people Cases per million people 10x 20x 50x 100x 200x Chhattisgarh Himachal 10,000 5,000 2,000 1,000 500 200 100 50
 

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Interactive map of confirmed coronavirus cases in India

Relatively high

TPM in these States are 100 times larger than their CPM lately.

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image/svg+xml 110100 10x 20x 50x 100x 200x Odisha Jharkhand Uttarakhand Karnataka 10,000 5,000 2,000 1,000 500 200 100 50 Tests per million people Cases per million people
 

Jharkhand has improved its testing rates massively lately along with significant improvements in Karnataka and Uttarakhand.

Relatively good

TPM in these States are 50 times larger than their CPM in recent days lately.

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image/svg+xml 110100 50 100 200 500 1,000 2,000 5,000 10,000 10x 20x 50x 100x 200x Haryana Jammu and Kashimr A.P. Kerala 10,000 5,000 2,000 1,000 500 200 100 50 Cases per million people Tests per million people
 

Andra Pradesh is about to surpass the 100x line.

Also read: Data | Obesity linked to serious coronavirus illness even in younger patients, poor too are at high risk

Relatively poor

TPM in these States are 20 times larger than their CPM lately.

Viewing in app? Click to see graph

image/svg+xml 110100 Bihar 10x 20x 50x 100x 200x U.P. West Bengal Tamil Nadu Punjab Rajasthan 10,000 5,000 2,000 1,000 500 200 100 50 Cases per million people Tests per million people
 

Bihar started off well, but has slackened lately. Tamil Nadu was better in the middle, but has slackened again.

Relatively very poor

TPM in these States are 10 times larger than their CPM lately.

Viewing in app? Click to see graph

image/svg+xml 110100 10x 20x 50x 100x 200x Gujarat Maharashtra M.P. Delhi 10,000 5,000 2,000 1,000 500 200 100 50 Tests per million people Cases per million people
 

Gujarat and Maharashtra are falling from poor to worse. M.P. is breaking into 20x.

Last word

While testing the entire population is the ideal solution to measure the infection rate in a region, depending on population and the availability of testing kits, this may not be a feasible response. So measuring a region’s testing rate in comparison to its outbreak size will help identify those which are not testing enough. In this regard, Maharashtra, Delhi, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh are falling behind.

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Printable version | Jun 5, 2020 3:49:30 PM | https://www.thehindu.com/data/data-are-states-testing-enough-compared-to-the-size-of-their-coronavirus-outbreaks/article31610777.ece

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