Data

Data | Domestic violence complaints at a 10-year high during COVID-19 lockdown

In this Oct. 31, 2019 photo, the word violence is pasted onto a wall by a group of women in a dark street in Paris to draw attention to domestic violence. Picture for representational purposes only.

In this Oct. 31, 2019 photo, the word violence is pasted onto a wall by a group of women in a dark street in Paris to draw attention to domestic violence. Picture for representational purposes only.   | Photo Credit: AP

About 86% women who experienced violence never sought help, and 77% of the victims did not even mention the incident(s) to anyone

During the first four phases of the COVID-19-related lockdown, Indian women filed more domestic violence complaints than recorded in a similar period in the last 10 years. But even this unusual spurt is only the tip of the iceberg as 86% women who experience domestic violence do not seek help in India.

Alarming rise

In 2020, between March 25 and May 31, 1,477 complaints of domestic violence were made by women. This 68-day period recorded more complaints than those received between March and May in the previous 10 years.

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image/svg+xml 500 750 1000 1250 1500 20102020 Domestic violence complaints 2015
 

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State-wise numbers

The chart plots the number of domestic violence complaints recorded in a State against the number of complaints received per one million women till now in 2020.

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image/svg+xml Complaints per 1 mn women Total complaints in 2020 0.5 1 2 5 10 20 500 200 100 50 20 10 5 1 2 H.P. Haryana T.N. Maharashtra Kerala A.P. U.P. recorded 600 complaints, the highest among all States About 32 complaints were received per 1 million women in Delhi, the highest complaint rate
 

Also read: Data | How effective was India's COVID-19 lockdown compared to other countries?

Buried in silence

About 86% women who experienced violence never sought help, and 77% of the victims did not even mention the incident(s) to anyone. The table shows that women who were subjected to both physical and sexual violence seek help relatively more than those who suffer from only one form of abuse.

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image/svg+xml Type of violence Never told anyone Told someone Sought help from a source Physical 79.5 9.0 11.6 Sexual 80.6 9.5 9.8 Physical & sexual 61.3 9.9 28.8 Total 76.6 9.1 14.3
 

Under-reporting

Among the 14.3% of victims who sought help, only 7% reached out to relevant authorities — the police, doctors, lawyers or social service organisations. But more than 90% of the victims sought help only from their immediate family.

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image/svg+xml Who the victims contacted (%) 4 5 7 10 15 20 30 40 50 70 Others Authorities Neighbour Friends Family of the husband Own family

Sources: Graphs 1 and 2 were sourced from the National Commission for Women. Table 3 and graph 4 were sourced from the National Family Health Survey 2015-16

Also read: Data | Market arrivals dip, procurement delays: How COVID-19 impacted agriculture

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Printable version | Jul 11, 2020 7:40:59 AM | https://www.thehindu.com/data/data-domestic-violence-complaints-at-a-10-year-high-during-covid-19-lockdown/article31885001.ece

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