Maharashtra placed under President’s Rule

In his report to President Ram Nath Kovind, Governor Koshyari says it is impossible to constitute a stable government. There was no mention of horse-trading or unfair practices in the report.

November 12, 2019 06:47 pm | Updated December 04, 2021 10:36 pm IST - New Delhi

People pass Mantralaya, the Maharashtra State Secretariat on November 12, 2019.

People pass Mantralaya, the Maharashtra State Secretariat on November 12, 2019.

President Ram Nath Kovind on Tuesday approved a proclamation imposing President’s Rule in Maharashtra, following a recommendation from Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyari.

The Assembly will be kept under suspended animation.

Mr. Koshyari’s decision comes a day after he invited the third largest party in the Assembly, the NCP, to explore the possibility of forming a government in the State.

Cabinet meets

Soon after the Governor’s report was sent, the Union Cabinet, led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, met and approved a recommendation to the President to issue a proclamation under Article 356(1) of the Constitution, a senior Home Ministry official said.

The Cabinet assembled at the Prime Minister’s residence minutes before he was to fly to Brazil to attend the BRICS summit.

In his report to the President, Mr. Koshyari said a situation had arisen in which it was impossible to constitute or form a stable government in the State, and the government could not be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.

There was no mention of horse-trading or unfair practices in the report.


 “The Governor of Maharashtra made a recommendation to the President that he made attempts to explore the possibility of formation of government by having appropriate communications with all the political parties who could have formed the government in alliance with other political parties. Unfortunately his attempts to do so have failed so far. Keeping in view the situation, circumstances and ground realities, the Governor is satisfied that the situation has arisen in the State of Maharashtra in which it is impossible to constitute and/or form a stable government in the State,” the official said quoting Mr Koshyari’s report.

The Assembly election results were announced on October 25. After the BJP-Shiv Sena declined to form a government in alliance and the Shiv Sena could not get letters of support from the NCP and the Congress, Mr. Koshyari asked the National Congress Party (NCP) to stake claim to form government in by 8.30 p.m. on Tuesday. However, hours before the deadline was to end, Mr. Koshyari sent in the report recommending Central rule. An official said the report was sent as the NCP sought time till 11.30 a.m. on Wednesday.


The official added that the Governor was satisfied that the “Government of the State of Maharashtra cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution” and “left with no other alternatives, he is constrained to send his report under the provisions of Article 356 of the constitution.”

Article 356 pertains to provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in State under which the President may by a proclamation “assume to himself all or any of the functions of the Government of the State and all or any of the powers vested in or exercisable by the Governor or any body or authority in the State other than the legislature of the State.” The proclamation is issued for a maximum period of six months and can be revoked anytime,” said the official.

Mr. Kovind was attending a function in Sultanpur Lodhi in Punjab when the Governor sent in his report. He signed the proclamation upon his return from Punjab on later in the afternoon.


“The Governor has, therefore, recommended that the present Assembly be kept in suspended animation for the present and the President of India is requested to take such action/decision as appropriate,” the MHA official said.

The Union Cabinet considered the report of the Governor and has approved making a recommendation to President to issue a Proclamation under article 356(1) of the Constitution imposing President’s rule in relation to the State of Maharashtra and keeping the State Legislative Assembly under suspended animation,” the official said.

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