45,026 females committed suicide in 2021, over half were housewives

Highest number (23,178) was of house-wives followed by students (5,693) and daily wage earners (4,246)

August 30, 2022 02:40 pm | Updated August 31, 2022 02:48 pm IST - New Delhi

Photo used for representation purpose only.

Photo used for representation purpose only. | Photo Credit: The Hindu photo library

As many as 45,026 females committed suicide in 2021 in the country of whom more than half were housewives.

According to a latest report of the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), a total of 1,64,033 people have committed suicide in 2021 across the country of whom 1,18,979 were males.

“Of females who committed suicides, the highest number (23,178) was of house-wives followed by students (5,693) and daily wage earners (4,246),” the report said.

Also Read | Daily wage earners, self-employed, unemployed top categories dying by suicide in 2021

Majority of suicides committed by housewives were reported in Tamil Nadu ( 3,221 out of 23,179) followed by Madhya Pradesh (3,055) and Maharashtra (2,861 suicides) which accounted for 13.9 per cent, 13.2 per cent and 12.3 per cent of total such suicides during 2021 respectively.

It was observed that 66.9 per cent (1,09,749 out of 1,64,033) of the suicide victims were married while 24.0 per cent were unmarried (39,421).

Widowed and widower, divorcees and seperated have accounted for 1.5 per cent (2,485 victims), 0.5 per cent (788 victims) and 0.5 per cent (871 victims) of total suicide victims respectively during 2021.

The female ratio of suicide victims for the year 2021 was 72.5 : 27.4, which is more as compared to year 2020 (70.9 : 29.1). The proportion of female victims were more in marriage related issues (specifically in dowry related issues) and impotence and infertility.

The age group (18 - below 30 years) and persons of 30 years - below 45 years of age were the most vulnerable groups resorting to suicides.

These age groups accounted for 34.5 per cent and 31.7 per cent suicides respectively.

Family problems (3,233), love affairs (1,495) and illness (1,408) were the main causes of suicides among children (below 18 years of age).

A total of 28 transgender have committed suicide. Out of 28 transgender, 9 were unemployed persons and 7 were daily wage earners, 2 were self employed persons and 1 each under housewives, professional, salaried persons, while 8 fall under other category.

Family Problems and illness were the major causes of suicides which accounted for 33.2 per cent and 18.6 per cent of total suicides respectively during 2021.

Drug abuse and alcoholic addiction (6.4 per cent), marriage related issues (4.8 per cent), loveaffairs (4.6 per cent), bankruptcy or indebtedness (3.9 per cent), unemployed (2.2 per cent), failure in examination (1.0 per cent), professional career problem (1.6 per cent) and poverty (1.1 per cent) were other causes of overall suicides. 

Top News Today

Sign in to unlock member-only benefits!
  • Access 10 free stories every month
  • Save stories to read later
  • Access to comment on every story
  • Sign-up/manage your newsletter subscriptions with a single click
  • Get notified by email for early access to discounts & offers on our products
Sign in


Comments have to be in English, and in full sentences. They cannot be abusive or personal. Please abide by our community guidelines for posting your comments.

We have migrated to a new commenting platform. If you are already a registered user of The Hindu and logged in, you may continue to engage with our articles. If you do not have an account please register and login to post comments. Users can access their older comments by logging into their accounts on Vuukle.