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Biden meets Afghan leaders as U.S. troops leave

U.S. President Joe Biden at the South Lawn of the White in Washington.   | Photo Credit: AP

U.S. President Joe Biden meets Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and his former political foe, Abdullah Abdullah, on Friday to discuss Washington's support for Afghanistan as the last U.S. troops pack up after 20 years of war and government forces struggle to repel Taliban advances.

Also read: Exiting Afghanistan: Editorial on U.S. troop pullout

The Oval Office meeting may be as valuable to Mr. Ghani for its symbolism as for any new U.S. help because it will be seen as affirming Mr. Biden's support for the beleaguered Afghan leader as he confronts Taliban gains, bombings and assassinations, a surge in COVID-19 cases and political infighting in Kabul.

"At a time when morale is incredibly shaky and things are going downhill, anything one can do to help shore up morale ands hore up the government is worth doing," said Ronald Neumann, a former U.S. ambassador to Kabul. "Inviting Ghani here is apretty strong sign that we’re backing him."

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Mr. Biden's embrace, however, comes only months after U.S. officials were pressuring Mr. Ghani to step aside for a transitional government under a draft political accord that they floated in a failed gambit to break a stalemate in peace talks.

Mr. Biden's first meeting as president with Mr. Ghani and Mr. Abdullah, chairman of the High Council for National Reconciliation, will focus on "our ongoing commitment to the Afghan people" and curity forces, said White House deputy press secretary Karine Jean-Pierre.

Mr. Biden has asked Congress to approve $3.3 billion in security assistance for Afghanistan next year and is sending 3 million doses of vaccines there to help it battle COVID-19.

Mr. Biden will urge Mr. Ghani and Mr. Abdullah, foes in Afghanistan's two last presidential elections, "to be a united front" and he will reaffirm U.S. support for a negotiated peace deal, Jean-Pierre said.

U.S. officials, however, have been clear that Mr. Biden will not halt the U.S. pullout – likely to be completed by late July orearly August – and he is unlikely to approve any U.S. militarysupport to Kabul to halt the Taliban's advances beyond advice, intelligence, and aircraft maintenance.

Mr. Ghani and Abdullah spent Thursday discussing the situationin Afghanistan with lawmakers on Capitol Hill.

Worries about Al-qaeda

The visit comes with the peace process stalled and violenc eraging as Afghan security forces fight to stem a Taliban spring offensive that threatens several provincial capitals and has t riggered mobilisations of ethnic militias to reinforce government troops.

The crisis has fuelled grave concerns that the Taliban could regain power — two decades after the U.S.-led invasion endedtheir harsh version of Islamist rule — allowing a resurgence ofal Qaeda. U.S. and U.N. officials say the extremists maintainclose links with the Taliban.

"The Pentagon and the intelligence community are saying itis very likely that al Qaeda will come roaring back. It is very likely that our soldiers and our troops may have to go back into Afghanistan," said U.S. Representative Mike Waltz, a former Army officer who commanded U.S. special forces in Afghanistan.

U.S. officials respond that the United States will be ableto detect and thwart any new threats by al Qaeda or other Islamists. The Taliban insist al Qaeda is no longer in Afghanistan.

U.S. government sources familiar with U.S. intelligence reporting describe the situation as dire. Mr. Ghani, they said, has been urged to do more to step up pressure on the insurgents while U.S.-led coalition forces are still there.

Mr. Biden, who pledged to end America's "forever wars,"announced in April that all U.S. forces would be out of Afghanistan by the anniversary of the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks by al Qaeda on the United States.

He made the decision even though a 2020 U.S.-Taliban deal forged under former President Donald Trump set May 1 as the U.S.pullout deadline.


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Printable version | Aug 4, 2021 4:11:47 PM | https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/biden-meets-afghan-leaders-as-us-troops-leave/article34961652.ece

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