A demonstrator holds a placard during a protest against the Citizenship Amendment Act, in Ahmedabad, Gujarat on December 17, 2019.

The BJP government enacted amendments to Citizenship law to grant citizenship to religious minorities of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh, who had to flee their homeland facing persecution. Protests erupted in Jamia Milia Islamia and Aligarh Muslim University after the Bill was passed in Parliament and got the President's approval. Soon, more students from various universities and colleges across India joined the protests. In some areas violence broke out.

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