The Singapore Prime Minister, Mr. Lee Kuan Yew, seen with Mr. Nehru at the latter's residence in New Delhi on April 23, 1962. Photo: The Hindu Archives/V. Ganapathy
The founding father of Singapore and its first Prime Minister oversaw the separation of the country from Malaysia.
After a short illness, he passed away on March 23, 2015 at 3.18 a.m. at the Singapore General Hospital.
Mr. Lee co-founded the People's Action Party (PAP), which has ruled Singapore since 1959 and led the newly born country when it was separated from Malaysia in 1965.
A look at Mr. Lee over the years in pictures -
- › Born in Singapore on September 16, 1923. Lee came from a middle-class Chinese Hakka family which had been established in Singapore since his great grandfather migrated to the island in the mid-19th century.
- › November 12, 1954: Together with a group of fellow English-educated middle-class men, Lee formed the ‘socialist’ People’s Action Party (PAP) in alliance with the pro-communist trade unionists.
- › May 30, 1959: National elections held, in which PAP won 43 of the 51 seats. Singapore gained self-government with autonomy in all matters except defence and foreign affairs.
- › June 3, 1959: Lee became the first Prime Minister of Singapore.
- › September 16, 1963: Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo and Sarawak merge and Malaysia was formed.
- › August 9, 1965: Singapore exits Federation of Malaysia, at Malaysia’s invitation, amid political and ethnic tensions. Parliament of Singapore passed the Republic of Singapore Independence Act, making itself a sovereign republic.
- › November 28, 1990: After leading the PAP to victory in seven elections, Lee stepped down on, handing over the prime ministership to Goh Chok Tong.