India needs basic income scheme to make coronavirus lockdown work: French economist

Thomas Piketty also pitched for more equitable and progressive taxation including a wealth tax and inheritance tax in India.

Updated - May 12, 2020 05:39 pm IST

Published - May 12, 2020 05:31 pm IST - New Delhi:

Thomas Piketty. File

Thomas Piketty. File

India needs to come out with a basic income scheme to make the lockdown work, noted French economist Thomas Piketty said on Tuesday. He also said that India has the potential to become the global democratic leader of the 21st century if it manages to address the issue of inequality.

The government has imposed lockdown from March 25 to curb the spread of coronavirus ( COVID-19 ) and since then extended the restrictions twice.

Pandemic fallout revives talk of universal basic income

I think the government would be well advised to introduce a basic income scheme and more generally to develop a safety net in India. I do not see how a lockdown can work without a system of income maintenance, Mr. Piketty told PTI in an interview.

Interestingly, the idea of universal basic income was mooted in Economic Survey 2016-17 by then Chief Economic Advisor Arvind Subramanian and there was a discussion last year during the electoral campaign to introduce a basic income in India.

Mr. Piketty also pitched for more equitable and progressive taxation including a wealth tax and inheritance tax in India.

Congress demands implementation of Nyay scheme in view of nationwide lockdown | Ensure a minimum income for all

“India has the potential to become the global democratic leader of the 21st century, assuming the country manages to come to terms with its legacy of inequality,” the eminent economist emphasised.

“The attention that was put to the reservation system was not matched by sufficient attention to other issues, including land reform and the redistribution of property and the funding of adequate education, infrastructure and health investment through a more equitable and progressive tax system (including a wealth tax and inheritance tax),” he said.

Mr. Piketty, who recently wrote a book ‘Capital and Ideology’, noted that a pandemic like COVID-19 can have contradictory effects on inequality.

“On the one hand, it can raise the legitimacy of public investment in health, infrastructure and education. But on the other hand, it can also raise the fear of strangers and reinforce the pre-existing trends toward sectarian conflicts,” he said.

Before the pandemic, Mr. Piketty said the trend toward sectarian conflict reflected the lack of political ambition to change the economic system and to put in place a system that is truly based on economic justice.

“This will be even more true after the pandemic: we need to think again about how to reconcile prosperity and equality,” he said adding that in his book, he explored the possibility of a system based upon educational justice and participatory socialism, involving private property for all and the permanent circulation of wealth and power.

Asked how coronavirus pandemic will impact India’s rising inequality, Mr. Piketty said the experience of the Spanish flu of 1918-20 is frightening.

“According to some studies, mortality rates were as large as 5% in India or Indonesia, as compared to 0.5-1% in Western Europe and the U.S. (which was already very high).

“It seems unlikely that things can get so bad today, but this means that we have to be very careful,” Mr. Piketty, who is currently a professor at Paris School of Economics, said.

Think universal basic capital | When growth is inclusive, a universal basic income is not necessary: Rathin Roy

The French economist, who has worked extensively on issues such as inequality and poverty, said by looking at a broader range of historical trajectories, he has also come to stress the key role of ideological and political change in the evolution of inequality.

“The main determinants of inequality are not economic and technological: they are ideological and political,” he argued.

Mr. Piketty’s previous book ‘Capital in the Twenty-First Century’ became the best-selling work in the history of Harvard University Press and made him a household name.

0 / 0
Sign in to unlock member-only benefits!
  • Access 10 free stories every month
  • Save stories to read later
  • Access to comment on every story
  • Sign-up/manage your newsletter subscriptions with a single click
  • Get notified by email for early access to discounts & offers on our products
Sign in

Comments

Comments have to be in English, and in full sentences. They cannot be abusive or personal. Please abide by our community guidelines for posting your comments.

We have migrated to a new commenting platform. If you are already a registered user of The Hindu and logged in, you may continue to engage with our articles. If you do not have an account please register and login to post comments. Users can access their older comments by logging into their accounts on Vuukle.