India and Afghanistan, neighbours in Asia, have a historic and strong bilateral relationship, and are a part of several regional partnerships, including the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). According to the MEA, the friendly relations can be traced back to January 1950 when a five-year Treaty of Friendship was signed by then Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru and Afghan's then Ambassador to India Mohammad Najibullah.

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