Jat quota agitation that started a week ago, turned > violent resulting in deaths of 10 people and dozens, including security personnel, injured. The Army has been called in to eight districts — Rohtak, Bhiwani, Jhajjar, Sonipat, Hisar, Panipat, Jind and Kaithal and over 5,000 security personnel have been deployed in affected districts.
Who are Jats?
In Haryana, Jats are a politically influential community and constitute nearly 29 per cent of the population. Jats originally belonged to farming communities and now mostly live in Haryana, Punjab, Delhi, Rajasthan and UP. Their population in total is about 82.5 million. Over the years, they have become politically active in certain states, especially in Haryana and Punjab.
What are their demands
Jats, Jat Sikhs, Rors, Tyagis and Bishnois, are seeking reservation under the Other Backward Classes(OBC) category. They had been promised that the Economically Backward Category(EBC) quota will be increased from 10% to 20% by the state government.
In addition to this they were also promised the annual income ceiling from Rs 2.5 lakh to Rs 6 lakh to accommodate more people under the category.
All India Jat Mahasabha raises demand for quota at a convention in Jind.
All India Jat Arakshan Sangharsh Samiti(AIJASS), led by Hawa Singh Sangwan, blocks rain traffic in Hisar's Mayyar village. A youth dies during this protest.
AIJASS resumes agitation at Mayyar village, blocks railway tracks.
Haryana government gives special backward status to Jats with 10% quota to five castes. Read more
UPA government grants OBC status to Jats. Read more
March 17, 2015
Supreme Court sets aside the notification that granted OBC status to Jats. Read more
March 26, 2015
Narendra Modi meets representatives of Khap Panchayats and Jat leaders, supports quota demand. Read more
AIJASS resumes agitation for inclusion of Jats as OBC. Read more
Effect of agitation on normal life
Internet and mobile SMS services have been suspended by authorities in Rohtak district in the wake of protests by Jat community on February, 20. The decision was taken “to maintain law and order” in the district. > Read more
Supply of essential commodities like milk, vegetables and LPG hit. Supply of petroleum products affected in Rohtak, Jind, Bhiwani, Sonepat and Hisar
Disruption in water supply to Delhi from Haryana’s Munak canal due to the agitation has severely affected the city. > Read more
Some fuel pumps have reportedly gone dry in affected districts of Haryana.
Following the death of 30 people, Jat leaders threaten to resume agitation in case the BJP-led Haryana government does not meet their demands by March 17. Read more
Jat leaders and Haryana Chief Secretary and Director General of Police meet. The community leaders agree to give the government time to get a reservation bill.
The Haryana Assembly on March 29 passed the Haryana Backward Classes (Reservation in Services and Admission in Educational Institutions) Bill, 2016 to provide reservation for Jats and four other communities in government jobs and education. Read more
The Punjab and Haryana High Court stays reservation for Jats and members of five other provided by the Haryana government under a newly carved Backward Classes (C) category. More...
The State braces for another round of agitation. Jat community in Haryana starts a second round of protest demanding reservation in government jobs and educational institutes.
The Jat community leaders says they will not protest till July 21, by which the Punjab and Haryana High Court has sought the state government's reply.
The community suspends the protest till the Monsoon session of Haryana Assembly, where the demands will be discussed.
All India Jat Arakshan Sangarsh Samiti decides to take out a 'bhaichara' rally at Rohtak to decide on the further course of action.
The Samiti announces to raise Jat reservation issue in poll-bound Punjab.
Jats decide to renew agitation from January 2017.
The district administration imposes Section 144 in parts of Rohtak district as a precautionary measure in view of the call given by a section of Jats for a fresh round of quota agitation from January 29. Read more
Members of the Jat community stage peaceful dharnas at Ramayan village near the Hisar-Bhiwani railway track, Jolilath village on Sonipat-Gohana road, Jassia village on Rohtak Highway, Rasalwala Chowk in Jhajjar, Umrakheri village near Panipat-Shamli road, Bala village near Assandh road in Karnal.
Haryana Finance Minister Capt. Abhimanyu claims that the Jat agitation was politically motivated. He says that in view of the sentiments of the Haryana Vidhan Sabha, the court would pronounce its decision in favour of the reservation.
Around 8-10 lakh Jats from Haryana , Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh are expected to reach Delhi in tractor-trolleys on March 20 in support of their demands, including reservation, Akhil Bharatiya Jat Aarakshan Sangharsh Samiti national president Yashpal Malik says.
The community plans a rally in the Jantar Mantar , Delhi on March 20. The rally kept police and security personnel on tenterhooks for much of the day. Sources in the security establishment put the number of protesters at the rally between 7,000 and 7,500.