Hubble captures images of Eagle Nebula's 'Pillars of Creation'

January 07, 2015 09:49 am | Updated April 02, 2016 06:05 pm IST - Washington

A bigger and sharper Hubble telescope photograph of the iconic Eagle Nebula's "Pillars of Creation" (R) is seen next to the original 1995 Hubble picture in this NASA image released January 6, 2015. By comparing the 1995 and 2014 pictures, astronomers also noticed a lengthening of a narrow jet-like feature that may have been ejected from a newly forming star. Over the intervening 19 years, this jet has stretched farther into space, across an additional 60 billion miles, at an estimated speed of about 450,000 miles per hour, according to a NASA news release.  REUTERS/NASA/ESA/Hubble Heritage Team/Handout via Reuters   (OUTER SPACE - Tags: SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY) THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. IT IS DISTRIBUTED, EXACTLY AS RECEIVED BY REUTERS, AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS. FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS

A bigger and sharper Hubble telescope photograph of the iconic Eagle Nebula's "Pillars of Creation" (R) is seen next to the original 1995 Hubble picture in this NASA image released January 6, 2015. By comparing the 1995 and 2014 pictures, astronomers also noticed a lengthening of a narrow jet-like feature that may have been ejected from a newly forming star. Over the intervening 19 years, this jet has stretched farther into space, across an additional 60 billion miles, at an estimated speed of about 450,000 miles per hour, according to a NASA news release. REUTERS/NASA/ESA/Hubble Heritage Team/Handout via Reuters (OUTER SPACE - Tags: SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY) THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. IT IS DISTRIBUTED, EXACTLY AS RECEIVED BY REUTERS, AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS. FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS

The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has revisited the famous Eagle Nebula's Pillars of Creation and has captured high-definition images.

The telescope had earlier captured the three impressive towers of gas and dust in 1995, which revealed never-before-seen details in the giant columns and now the telescope is kickstarting its 25th year in orbit with an even clearer, and more stunning, image of these beautiful structures.

The captured image is part of the Eagle Nebula, otherwise known as Messier 16 and although such features are not uncommon in star-forming regions, the Messier 16 structures are by far the most photogenic and evocative ever captured.

The recent images show the famous pillars, capturing the multi-coloured glow of gas clouds, wispy tendrils of dark cosmic dust, and the rust-coloured elephants' trunks with the newer Wide Field Camera 3, installed in 2009.

In addition to this new visible-light image, Hubble has also produced a bonus image, which is taken in infrared light, penetrating much of the obscuring dust and gas and unveils a more unfamiliar view of the pillars, transforming them into wispy silhouettes set against a background peppered with stars.

Although the original image was dubbed the "Pillars of Creation", this new image hints that they are also pillars of destruction. The dust and gas in these pillars is seared by intense radiation from the young stars forming within them, and eroded by strong winds from massive nearby stars. The ghostly bluish haze around the dense edges of the pillars in the visible-light view is material that is being heated by bright young stars and evaporating away.

The infrared image shows that the reason the pillars exist is because the very ends of them are dense, and they shadow the gas below them, creating the long, pillar-like structures and the gas in between the pillars has long since been blown away by the winds from a nearby star cluster.

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