NRC is not a new idea, we have only updated the 1951 NRC list: CJI Ranjan Gogoi

The NRC is not a document of the moment ... It is a base document for the future. A document on which we can determine future claims, he says

November 03, 2019 02:38 pm | Updated December 03, 2021 06:59 am IST - NEW DELHI

Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi. File

Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi. File

Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi said the Assam National Register of Citizens (NRC) process to identify illegal aliens residing in the border State was “neither a new or novel idea” but only an attempt to update the 1951 NRC list.

Chief Justice Gogoi, who is retiring on November 17, headed the Special Bench of the Supreme Court which monitored the Assam NRC process. The Supreme Court’s intervention led to the publication of the final citizenship list on August 31.


Over 19 lakh out of 3.29 crore applicants in Assam were excluded from the final NRC list which came out in August. These lakhs of people face uncertain days ahead trying to prove their Indian citizenship through appeals filed in foreigners tribunals.

“The NRC is not a document of the moment. Nineteen lakh or 40 lakh is not the point... It is a base document for the future. A document on which we can determine future claims,” he said.

The NRC 2019 is an attempt to end the vicious cycles of violence and agitations in Assam over the presence of illegal foreigners, Chief Justice Gogoi said in his speech at the release of journalist Mrinal Talukdar’s ‘Post Colonial Assam (1947 to 2019)’.

Chief Justice Gogoi described Assam as an ancient land unrivalled in its beauty and endowed with diversity. “A meeting place of many races and ethnic groups. Each contributing to the rich tapestry of cultures, languages,” the CJI said. While the children of Assam made their mark on the world stage, the State itself suffered from agrarian strikes, natural calamities such as persistent floods and widespread agitations and frequent violence which had deeply impacted socio-political life in the State.

The NRC attempted to quell the enormous amount of guesswork about illegal immigration in the State. This “guesswork” had fuelled panic. Callous reporting by few media had worsened the situation.

Illegal influx

The Assam NRC list of 2019 attempted to give some degree of certainty on illegal influx, Chief Justice Gogoi explained.

He agreed that the final NRC list was “not without contestations”. But he said the “idea of NRC was neither new or a novel idea and it had found expression as early as 1951”. “Current NRC is an attempt to update the 1951 NRC. Nothing more nothing less,” the CJI said.

‘Peaceful exercise’

The NRC was only a manifestation of a peaceful exercise, Chief Justice Gogoi said and praised the magnanimity of the Assamese people in accepting the cut-off date for the NRC update.

“Assamese people have displayed great magnanimity to accept cut-off date. Humaneness is acceptance. Acceptance is the first step towards diversity... People who raise objections about cut-off dates are playing with fire... There is no place for fresh wounds or conundrums,” Chief Gogoi said.

Recently, certain sections in Assam have objected to 1971 being the cut-off date of the NRC update. They want the cut-off date to be revised to 1951 to detect illegal foreigners in the State.

The CJI lashed out at how national discourse about sensitive issues were dominated by “armchair commentators” who presented a distorted picture.

Emergence of social media and tools had fuelled these “double-speaking commentators”. They launched tirades against democratic institutions... Armchair commentators with their vile intentions and rumour mills flourished. Assam and its development agenda had been victims of such commentators, he said.

“Unrestrained mudslinging” and “personal attacks” against both institution and its members masqueraded as fair criticism in public interest. “It does not take long to bring down and institution, but takes long to build one,” the Chief Justice pointed out.

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