902 per cent rise in rape cases since 1971

Updated - November 16, 2021 11:14 pm IST

Published - June 22, 2013 11:01 am IST - Bangalore

The recently-released National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) report notes a 902 per cent rise in cases of rape cases across India between 1971 and 2012.

While this staggering increase is indicative of more cases of rape — one of the mostly stigmatised categories of crimes against women — being reported and thus entering the system of criminal justice, there is no doubt that violence, especially sexual violence, is on the rise.

Latest case

The case of the medical student at Manipal on Thursday night is the latest instance of crime to grab the headlines, even as many others go unnoticed either because of flawed procedures or because of social stigma.

The legislature committee report on women and child welfare, which submitted its report in the last Assembly session in Karnataka, said that as many as 2,157 cases of rape (IPC 376) were reported in the State between 2010 and 2012. Cases of sexual assault (IPC 353) for the same period were 8,931.

The panel, among other things, recommended that non-bailable warrants be issued against the accused in rape cases, with doctor’s report being the main evidence. It also said that the crime should be brought under the Goonda Act.


In the aftermath of the Delhi gang rape of the 23-year-old paramedical student, the three-member Justice J.S. Verma Committee made several recommendations for the safety of women, ranging from overhaul of existing laws to change in investigation methods, prosecution and trial. It noted that poor governance rather than bad legislation was responsible for women continuing to face violence.

Poor conviction

One indication of the urgent need to streamline the system is the fact that the rate of conviction in rape cases, according to the NCRB report for 2012, is only 23.3 per cent.

0 / 0
Sign in to unlock member-only benefits!
  • Access 10 free stories every month
  • Save stories to read later
  • Access to comment on every story
  • Sign-up/manage your newsletter subscriptions with a single click
  • Get notified by email for early access to discounts & offers on our products
Sign in


Comments have to be in English, and in full sentences. They cannot be abusive or personal. Please abide by our community guidelines for posting your comments.

We have migrated to a new commenting platform. If you are already a registered user of The Hindu and logged in, you may continue to engage with our articles. If you do not have an account please register and login to post comments. Users can access their older comments by logging into their accounts on Vuukle.