Data

Data | Quality of jobs will decline further as Agnipath scheme lacks social security benefits

For BLink Photo Feature : Welding process of coach under frame at ICF, Chennai.
Photo : Bijoy Ghosh
To go with Raja Simhan's report

For BLink Photo Feature : Welding process of coach under frame at ICF, Chennai. Photo : Bijoy Ghosh To go with Raja Simhan's report | Photo Credit: BIJOY GHOSH

The Agnipath scheme, which aims to recruit defence personnel in short-term contracts, has led to country-wide protests in the last week. A key element of the scheme is that there will be no pension or gratuity benefits for these recruits. Given that a majority of regular wage/salaried employees in India already lack social security benefits, this facet of the scheme may deteriorate the quality of jobs further. Importantly, this project comes at a time when the pandemic has further reduced the share of jobs with such benefits. According to the PLFS 2020-21 report, 53.8% of such workers were not eligible for social security benefits, higher than the 49.6% in 2017-18. The decline was much sharper in rural jobs with the share of workers without benefits increasing to 59.1% from 52.5%. Data also show that 64.3% did not have a written job contract and 47.9% were not eligible for paid leave. In 22 States, more than 25% were neither eligible for paid leave and social benefits nor had a written contract.

Vulnerable job share

The table shows the share of regular wage/salaried employees who had no job contracts, were not eligible for paid leave and were not eligible for social security benefits in sectors other than agriculture. The share of workers not eligible for social security benefits increased during the pandemic years. While the share of workers without contracts and paid leave has come down over the years, still the numbers were very high. Hover over the chart to find the exact figure

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Gender divide

The table shows the share of regular wage/salaried employees who had no job contracts, who were not eligible for paid leave, and was not eligible for social security benefits in sectors other than agriculture across gender in 2020-21. In general, the share of men who lacked such benefits was higher than women.

State-wise share

The graph shows the share of regular wage/salaried employees with no job contracts, who were not eligible for paid leave, were not eligible for social security benefits and all of the above, in sectors other than agriculture, across States.

Source: PLFS

Also read: Data | Agnipath: With 34 lakh military pensioners, pensions form >50% of defence budget


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Printable version | Aug 12, 2022 12:18:14 am | https://www.thehindu.com/data/data-quality-of-jobs-will-decline-further-as-agnipath-scheme-lacks-social-security-benefits/article65553159.ece