Data

Data | Low-income countries have received only 0.27% of the COVID-19 vaccine doses administered so far

South African President Cyril Ramaphosa receives the Johnson and Johnson coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccination at the Khayelitsha Hospital near Cape Town, South Africa. File photo   | Photo Credit: REUTERS

Low-income countries have received only 0.27% of the COVID-19 doses administered worldwide while high-income countries (30%) and upper-middle-income countries (52%) have acquired more than 80%. Of the 27 nations termed as low-income, 23 are in Africa. Due to this wide disparity in vaccine supply, of the 52 countries in Africa, 38 have given at least one dose to <5% of population. Worryingly, many African countries have recorded a recent uptick in cases, most of which were due to the highly transmissible Delta variant.

Vaccine inequity

The map shows % the population that has received at least one dose of the COVID-19 vaccine, and the chart depicts the share of doses administered across various income groups of countries. While 27% of the global population has received at least one dose, Africa lags with only 3.13% of the population vaccinated with at least one dose.

Chart appears incomplete? Click to remove AMP mode

Wide disparities exist in the vaccination drive across various income groups of countries. When the global vaccination drive began, the high-income countries cornered most of the doses in the market, given the aggressive inoculation campaign. After a majority of the population was covered, the upper-middle-income countries dominated the purchase of doses. In contrast, the lower-middle and low-income countries continue to suffer.

Looming threat of Delta variant

The map depicts the biweekly change in COVID-19 infections and the table lists the share of the Delta variant in cases sequenced in select African countries. Africa’s share in global cases has remained low for a large part of the pandemic. However, since June, sharp spikes were recorded across many countries in the continent. For instance, Botswana and Algeria recorded a biweekly growth of 119% and 134% in new cases.