Science

ISRO’s landmark rocket launches

India has made steady progress in the fields of rocket and satellite technologies. In light of the upcoming launch of the PSLV-C43 with the HySis on board on on November 29, we trace ISRO's history from some of its earliest ventures to its latest launches.

This file photo shows a model of 'Aryabhatta', India's first satellite. Designed and built by Indian scientists, the satellite was launched on April 19, 1975 from the Soviet Union. Photo: The Hindu Archives
In this photo taken on September 1, 1993, the prototype of Vikas, the second stage liquid engine, is being tested at the Sub-System Preparation Facility, at the SHAR Complex in Sriharikota. Vikas engines are still in use for more complex and modern space machinery such as GSLV-Mk III. Photo: The Hindu Archives
Chandrayaan-1 is successfully launched. The rocket carrying the mission pierces the sky above Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota on October 22, 2008 on its way to the lunar orbit. With its success, India became the fourth country to set its flag on the moon. Photo: V. Ganesan
ISRO’s PSLV C-21 blasts off, carrying two foreign satellites from the Satish Dhawan space centre at Sriharikota on September 9, 2012. The event marked the 100th mission of the ISRO. The then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh flew to Sriharikota to witness the historic moment. Photo: REUTERS
This September 30, 2014, photograph taken by the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) spacecraft shows the planet Mars. Also known as Mangalyaan, it was originally made to last just six months, but has enough punch left for more than a decade in the Martian orbit. Photo: Courtesy: ISRO
ISRO's PSLV C38, carrying earth observation satellite Cartosat-2 Series and 30 co-passenger satellites of various countries, lifts off from Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota on June 23, 2017. The other 29 nano satellites belonged to Austria, Belgium, Chile, the Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. Photo: PTI
ISRO’s navigation satellite IRNSS-1I, on board the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C41), lifts off at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota on April 12, 2018. ISRO documents IRNSS-1I as the eighth navigation satellite that joined the IRNSS space segment. It is also the 20th flight of PSLV-XL version. Photo: PTI
A Crew Escape System Technology Demonstrator by ISRO was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota on July 5, 2018. The space agency tested its crew escape system for an emergency escape measure designed to quickly pull the crew module along with the astronauts to a safe distance from the launch vehicle in the event of a launch abort. Photo: PTI
A view of ISRO's GSLV-MkIII D2 mission carrying high throughput communication satellite GSAT-29 before the launch on November 13, 2018. Weighing 3,423 kg at lift-off, GSAT-29 was the heaviest satellite to be launched from India. With a mission life of 10 years, it was the 33rd communication satellite built by ISRO. These Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle placed the GSAT-29 in geostationary transfer orbit. Photo: Courtesy: ISRO
Preparations are underway for the launch of earth observation satellite Hyper Spectral Imaging Satellite (HysIS) equipped in Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle “Core-Alone” Variant (PSLV-CA), at Sriharikota on November 28, 2018. HysIS will be ISRO's first full-scale working satellite to study the Earth’s surface in visible, near-infrared and shortwave infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Photo: PTI

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