The World Health Organization said on May 28 that “burnout” remains an “occupational phenomenon” that could lead someone to seek care but it is not considered a medical condition.
The clarification came a day after the WHO mistakenly said it had listed burnout in its International Classification of Diseases (ICD) for the first time.
The World Health Assembly, WHO’s main annual meeting which wrapped up on May 28, approved at the weekend the latest catalogue of diseases and injuries, collectively known as the ICD-11.
While burnout was listed in the previous version, the ICD-10, its definition has been changed in the latest edition of the text. “The definition has been modified based on existing research,” a WHO spokesperson said in an email.
WHO has now defined burnout as “a syndrome conceptualised as resulting from chronic workplace stress that has not been successfully managed”.
It said the syndrome was characterised by: “1) feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion; 2) increased mental distance from one's job, or feelings of negativism or cynicism related to one's job; and 3) reduced professional efficacy.”
“Burn-out refers specifically to phenomena in the occupational context and should not be applied to describe experiences in other areas of life,” according to the definition.
The updated ICD list was drafted last year following recommendations from health experts around the world. The ICD-11, which is to take effect in January 2022, contains several other additions, including classification of “compulsive sexual behaviour” as a mental disorder, although it stops short of lumping the condition together with addictive behaviours.
It does however for the first time recognise video gaming as an addiction, listing it alongside gambling and drugs like cocaine.
The updated list removes transgenderism from its list of mental disorders, listing it instead under the chapter on “conditions related to sexual health”.