Chola mural tells a tale of dog

Alangu, a fearsome breed now extinct, once thrived in Thanjavur and Tiruchi region

October 14, 2014 03:16 am | Updated May 23, 2016 03:52 pm IST - CHENNAI:

A mural found at the Thanjavur Big temple bearing resemblance to the Alangu dog breed. PHOTO: BY SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT

A mural found at the Thanjavur Big temple bearing resemblance to the Alangu dog breed. PHOTO: BY SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT

“It is a dog of magnificent proportions with noble carriage,” says zoologist Desmond Morris, of the now extinct Alangu, a breed once thrived in the Thanjavur and Tiruchi region.

In his book, Dogs-The Ultimate Dictionary of over 1,000 Dog Breeds , he says: “It is a big hunting dog, about 27 inches (69 cm) tall, with heavy, well-muscled limbs.” “When it is not employed on its hunting duties, it is also enlisted as a fearsome watchdog.”

The Indian love for exotic breeds has led to the native species losing their charm. Not just that. Many native breeds have either lost their traits or have become extinct, like Alangu, owing to decades of neglect.

There is hardly anyone who can recall the features of the dog. Not many even know how it looked like.

Now, a Chola era mural, found by chance in the inner precincts of the Big Temple at Thanjavur, depicts a majestic dog, possessing all the features attributed to Alangu by Mr. Morris.

“During restoration, the Chola murals, buried under the Nayak paintings, were discovered,” said the former minister, Thangam Thennarasu.

Though its body and tail have some resemblance to Rajapalayam dogs, Mr. Thennarasu argues, Rajapalaym dogs arrived in Tamil Nadu only during the reign of Vijayanagara kings.

While Rajapalayam dogs have folded ears, Alangu, despite its massive built, has very small pricked ears, and the mural supported Mr. Morris’s description.

Its ears are pricked, its back is long and its tail tapers to a fine point. While moving, it makes long strides, says Mr. Morris.

Kishore Kumar of the Institute of Veterinary Preventive Medicine at Ranipet, and an expert in native dog breeds, said most of the naturally evolved Indian breeds had erect and pricked ears.

The colour of the coat of the Alangu varied from red to fawn to black. There may be some white markings in the chest region, and the muzzle is mostly black.

A valued companion

Another dog that is also said to be extinct, according Mr. Morris, is Shenkottah, a valued companion in the pursuit of most dangerous animals in jungle.

“It was said a pair of these dogs could even pull down an adult tiger, although they sometimes lost their lives in the process,” he explains.

0 / 0
Sign in to unlock member-only benefits!
  • Access 10 free stories every month
  • Save stories to read later
  • Access to comment on every story
  • Sign-up/manage your newsletter subscriptions with a single click
  • Get notified by email for early access to discounts & offers on our products
Sign in


Comments have to be in English, and in full sentences. They cannot be abusive or personal. Please abide by our community guidelines for posting your comments.

We have migrated to a new commenting platform. If you are already a registered user of The Hindu and logged in, you may continue to engage with our articles. If you do not have an account please register and login to post comments. Users can access their older comments by logging into their accounts on Vuukle.