Challenges aplenty for Congress president-elect Mallikarjun Kharge

Mr. Kharge will have to resolve the leadership tussle in Rajasthan and boost the party’s chances in the Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat election

October 20, 2022 12:05 am | Updated 09:41 am IST - New Delhi

Congress president Sonia Gandhi greets president-elect Mallikarjun Kharge in New Delhi on October 19, 2022.

Congress president Sonia Gandhi greets president-elect Mallikarjun Kharge in New Delhi on October 19, 2022. | Photo Credit: AP

The election of Mallikarjun Kharge as the new Congress president comes at a time when the party is facing immense political challenges, high-profile exits and defections after a series of electoral losses and intense factionalism in some States.

Resolving the Rajasthan leadership tussle

Mr. Kharge’s joining the Congress presidential race was a direct fallout of Rajasthan Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot opting out after MLAs loyal to him “revolted” against the high command’s choice of Sachin Pilot to replace Mr. Gehlot as the Chief Minister if the former had become the Congress president. Now, Mr. Kharge has to resolve the leadership tussle in Rajasthan keeping in mind that the State goes to Assembly polls towards the end of 2023.

Assembly Polls in Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh

The upcoming Assembly elections in Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat will be among the first challenges that Mr. Kharge will face as the party president. In both these States, apart from taking on the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party, the Congress also has to contend with the emergence of the Aam Admi Party (AAP) as a serious player.

Arrest the attrition

The biggest organisational challenge for the new Congress president is to immediately arrest the attrition. Both senior as well as young leaders continue to leave the Congress party and join other parties as the leadership doesn’t inspire confidence.

Accessibility and consultative mechanism to make decision-making more inclusive

The most common complaint from the leaders who have left the Congress has been about access to leadership and the lack of a proper platform to articulate their views to make decision-making more inclusive. This is one issue that Mr. Kharge, with his vast experience, has to address. The new party chief can start by empowering and restructuring the PCCs or the State units.

While the leadership can shed the high command culture, it will have to hold State units accountable for decisions at the State-level.

With all the members of the Gandhi family being politically active, Mr. Kharge also has to ensure that multiple power centres are not created.

Build a new generation of mass leaders in the Hindi belt

Repeated electoral failures in the Hindi heartland States like Uttar Pradesh and Bihar points to the lack of effective leadership on the ground. These two States alone send 120 Lok Sabha seats and the Congress’ share has been negligible, failing to touch even two digits. The situation calls for a complete overhaul of the two States, one of which (U.P.) is handled by Priyanka Gandhi Vadra herself.

Blueprint for 2024 elections

While Mr. Kharge has the stature and political experience to play a key role in reaching out to other Opposition leaders like Sharad Pawar and Mamata Banerjee, he also has to ensure a blueprint for the 2024 Lok Sabha polls that places his party in the pole position for any anti-BJP front to take shape.

0 / 0
Sign in to unlock member-only benefits!
  • Access 10 free stories every month
  • Save stories to read later
  • Access to comment on every story
  • Sign-up/manage your newsletter subscriptions with a single click
  • Get notified by email for early access to discounts & offers on our products
Sign in


Comments have to be in English, and in full sentences. They cannot be abusive or personal. Please abide by our community guidelines for posting your comments.

We have migrated to a new commenting platform. If you are already a registered user of The Hindu and logged in, you may continue to engage with our articles. If you do not have an account please register and login to post comments. Users can access their older comments by logging into their accounts on Vuukle.