Justice Ramana rues unequal access to justice

Poor, vulnerable still cannot enforce their rights, says senior SC judge

March 23, 2021 01:06 am | Updated 02:55 am IST - NEW DELHI

N.V. Ramana

N.V. Ramana

Supreme Court judge, Justice N.V. Ramana, said on Monday that the guarantee of equal justice to all is meaningless if the poor, illiterate, vulnerable and weak sections of the society cannot enforce their rights.

Justice Ramana, who is next in line to be the Chief Justice of India as per the seniority norm following incumbent Justice S.A. Bobde’s retirement on April 23, said India has been, since Independence, grappling with the twin problems of poverty and access to justice.

“Ever since we declared ourselves to be an independent nation, we found ourselves caught between the twin problems of ‘poverty’ and ‘access to justice’. The architects of modern India had debated this issue on several national and international platforms. Sadly, even after 74 years of independence, we are still discussing the same issue," Justice Ramana said on the occasion of inauguration of Front offices and Legal aid Defense Counsel Office at Delhi.

Justice Ramana recounted of how he had been approached by an elderly woman years ago while he was the Chief Justice of Delhi High Court. She had asked him when he planned to put a cap on lawyers' fees so that the poor could afford the best legal advice.

“I responded, ‘Madam, the court cannot control these things’. She asked me, ‘Sir, tell me then how people like us can even come to the courts’,” Justice Ramana narrated.

He said this is the gap in access to justice that legal aid tries to bridge.

“When people cannot reach us, we should reach them...” Justice Ramana said.

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