In 2020, Ladakh recorded highest sex ratio in the country, Manipur lowest

Sex ratio at birth is number of females per thousand males

May 04, 2022 05:00 pm | Updated 10:37 pm IST - New Delhi

A group of Tiwa children going to school in Karbi Anglong district of Assam. File image for representation.

A group of Tiwa children going to school in Karbi Anglong district of Assam. File image for representation. | Photo Credit: Ritu Raj Konwar

The Union Territory of Ladakh recorded the highest sex ratio at birth in the country in 2020, followed by Arunachal Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Tripura and Kerala, according to the annual report on Vital Statistics based on 2020 Civil Registration System report.

“Highest Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) based on registered events has been reported by Ladakh (1104) followed by Arunachal Pradesh (1011), A&N Islands (984), Tripura (974), and Kerala (969),” the report released by the Registrar General of India (RGI) on May 3 said.

Sex ratio at birth is number of females per thousand males.

Lowest sex ratio at birth was reported by Manipur (880), followed by Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (898), Gujarat (909), Haryana (916) and Madhya Pradesh (921).

In 2019, the highest sex ratio at birth was reported by Arunachal Pradesh (1024), followed by Nagaland (1001), Mizoram (975) and A&N Islands (965), and the lowest sex ratio was reported by Gujarat (901), Assam (903), Madhya Pradesh (905) and Jammu & Kashmir (909).

No data from 4 States

The report said that the requisite information from Maharashtra, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi on sex ratio at birth was “not available.” They had not provided the said data to the RGI in 2019 as well.

“The Sex Ratio (Number of females per thousand males) at birth of registered events is an important indicator to map the sex differential of the population at the beginning of their life. The sex ratio at birth has been calculated after deducting the delayed registration of more than one year for the year 2020,” the report said.

None of the States or Union Territories have recorded sex ratio at birth below 880.

Infant deaths

The report noted that 1,43,379 infant deaths were registered in 2020 and the share of rural area was only 23.4%, while that of urban area was 76.6% in total registered infant deaths. “Non-registration of infant deaths in rural area was a cause of concern, which may be due to non-reporting of infant deaths to the Registrars, especially in case of domiciliary events,” it stated.

It is compulsory to report births and deaths to the Registrar of Births and Deaths under the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969 and births and deaths are registered only at the place of their occurrence.

Sex ratio at birth

1. Andhra Pradesh- 939
2. Arunachal Pradesh- 1011
3. Assam-956
4. Bihar-964
5. Chhattisgarh-940
6. Goa-947
7. Gujarat-909
8. Haryana-916
9. Himachal Pradesh-936
10. Jharkhand-948
11. Karnataka-949
12. Kerala-969
13. Madhya Pradesh-921
14. Maharashtra- Not Available
15. Manipur-880
16. Meghalaya-922
17. Mizoram-954
18. Nagaland-953
19. Odisha-941
20. Punjab-925
21. Rajasthan- 952
22. Sikkim N.A.
23. Tamil Nadu-939
24. Telangana-937
25. Tripura-974
26. Uttarakhand-954
27. Uttar Pradesh-N.A.
28. West Bengal-951
Union Territories
1. A & N Islands-984
2. Chandigarh-943
3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu-898
4. Delhi-N.A.
5. Jammu and Kashmir-967
6. Ladakh-1104
7. Lakshadweep-957
8. Puducherry-947

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