U.K. to deport 5,700 migrants to Rwanda this year

Published - May 01, 2024 03:23 am IST - London

People believed to be migrants, disembark from a British Border Force vessel as they arrive at the Port of Dover in Dover, Britain, on April, 29, 2024.

People believed to be migrants, disembark from a British Border Force vessel as they arrive at the Port of Dover in Dover, Britain, on April, 29, 2024. | Photo Credit: Reuters

The U.K. expects to deport 5,700 migrants to Rwanda this year, a senior minister said Tuesday, after the government published new details on the controversial plan.

The figures come days after the scheme aimed at deterring migrant arrivals on small boats from northern Europe became law following months of parliamentary wrangling.

Rwanda has "in principle" agreed to accept 5,700 migrants already in the UK, the interior ministry revealed late Monday.

Of those, 2,143 "can be located for detention" before being flown there, it added.

Law enforcement agencies will find the remainder, Health Secretary Victoria Atkins said Tuesday when asked about the 5,700 earmarked for deportation.

"The expectation is that we remove that group of people... by the end of the year," she told Sky News television.

"If somebody doesn't report as they should do... They will be found."

Migrants who arrived in the UK between January 2022 and June last year are liable to have their asylum claims deemed inadmissible and be removed to Rwanda, the interior ministry said.

More than 57,000 people arrived on small boats after trying to cross the Channel during this 18-month period, according to official statistics.

The figure underlines the scale of the challenge trying to stem irregular arrivals, and the limits of the government's contentious plan to send some of them to Rwanda.

Under the scheme -- set to cost UK taxpayers hundreds of millions of pounds -- their asylum claims will be examined by Kigali.

If approved, they will be allowed to stay in Rwanda and not return to the UK.

- 'More to come' -

Rwanda, home to 13 million people in Africa's Great Lakes region, lays claim to being one of the most stable countries on the continent and has drawn praise for its modern infrastructure.

But rights groups accuse veteran President Paul Kagame of ruling in a climate of fear, stifling dissent and free speech.

UK lawmakers last week passed the Safety of Rwanda Bill, which compels British judges to regard the nation as a safe third country.

It followed a UK Supreme Court ruling last year that said sending migrants on a one-way ticket there was illegal.

The new law also gives decision-makers on asylum applications the power to disregard sections of international and domestic human rights law.

UK opposition parties, UN agencies and various rights groups have criticised the flagship policy of Prime Minister Rishi Sunak's Conservative government.

He said last week that deportation flights are expected to begin within 10-12 weeks.

Sunak is also trying to reduce what he says are "unsustainable and unfair levels" of regular immigration to the UK, after annual net migration -- the difference between the number of people arriving and those leaving -- topped 745,000.

His government has introduced various measures, including a 47-percent hike in the minimum salary for skilled work visas and increasing the income required for some family visas, while tightening regulations for students.

Home Secretary James Cleverly said Tuesday that the policies were working, hailing a near-80 percent drop in student visa applications in the first three months of the year compared to the same 2023 period.

"This does not mark the end of the road in our plan to cut migration, there is more still to come," he said.

"Ever-spiralling numbers were eroding the British people's confidence in our immigration system, burdening public services and suppressing wages."

Cleverly has said he wants to cut the annual net tally by 300,000.

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