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France election | Macron looks to salvage a ruling majority as alliance falls short

French President Emmanuel Macron and his wife Brigitte Macron arrive to vote during the final round of the country’s parliamentary elections, in Le Touquet, France

French President Emmanuel Macron and his wife Brigitte Macron arrive to vote during the final round of the country’s parliamentary elections, in Le Touquet, France | Photo Credit: Reuters

French President Emmanuel Macron’s centrist camp secured 245 out of 577 seats in the country’s parliamentary election, falling short of an absolute majority, according to final figures from the interior ministry.

Mr. Macron was faced with trying to salvage a ruling majority and with it his economic reform agenda after voters punished his centrist 'Ensemble' alliance.

Ensemble secured the largest number of lawmakers in the 577-seat National Assembly in a vote that saw a leftwing alliance and the far-right perform strongly.

ALSO READ: Why France’s parliamentary elections are important to President Macron

The vote was a painful setback for Mr. Macron, 44, who was re-elected in April and wants to deepen European Union integration, raise the retirement age and inject new life into France's nuclear industry.

There is no set script in France for how things will unfold.

Options for Macron

Macron's options include forming a ruling coalition or presiding over a minority government that has to enter into negotiations with opponents on a bill-by-bill basis. The alternative if no agreement can be found is for the euro zone's second biggest economy to be plunged into paralysis.

"We will be working from tomorrow towards forming a majority of action... to guarantee stability for our country and carry out the necessary reforms," Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne said as results filtered through late on Sunday.

Macron became in April the first French president in two decades to win a second term, as voters rallied to keep the far-right out of power.

France divided

But, seen as out of touch by many voters, he presides over a deeply disenchanted and divided country where support for populist parties on the right and left has surged.

Marine Le Pen's far-right National Rally party won its largest ever representation in the lower house while a resurgent left-wing bloc, Nupes, headed by the hard-left Jean-Luc Melenchon will form the largest opposition force.

"The rout of the presidential party is complete," Melenchon told supporters.

Even so, his own unlikely alliance may now find holding together harder than winning votes.

After a first presidential mandate marked by a top-down government style that Macron himself compared to that of Jupiter, the almighty Roman god, the president will now have to learn the art of consensus-building.

"This culture of compromise is one we will have to adopt but we must do so around clear values, ideas and political projects for France," Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire said.


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Printable version | Jul 18, 2022 6:10:13 pm | https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/france-election-macron-looks-to-salvage-a-ruling-majority-as-alliance-falls-short/article65544779.ece