China says U.S. will 'bear all consequences' if Pelosi visits Taiwan

Ties between China and the United States have continued to deteriorate under Joe Biden's presidency, over issues including Taiwan

Published - July 27, 2022 09:40 pm IST - Beijing

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi. File

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi. File | Photo Credit: AP

China warned on July 27 that Washington would "bear the consequences" if U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi visits Taiwan, with tensions soaring ahead of an expected phone call between the two countries' leaders.

Beijing has hit back hard against the United States after reports emerged last week that Ms. Pelosi, a Democrat who is second in line to the presidency, could visit the self-ruled island of Taiwan in August.

Explained | Understanding the nature of U.S.-Taiwan relations

The potential visit is likely to dominate a phone call between Chinese President Xi Jinping and U.S. counterpart Joe Biden, which the U.S. leader has said he expects will take place this week.

Ties between the two global superpowers have continued to deteriorate under Mr. Biden's presidency, over issues including Taiwan, human rights and technology sector competition.

Beijing this week warned that it was "getting ready" for a possible visit by Ms. Pelosi, which would be the first to Taiwan by a sitting U.S. House speaker since 1997.

"We are firmly opposed to Speaker Pelosi's visit to Taiwan," Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said at a regular press conference Wednesday.

Also read: Taiwan holds drills amid Pelosi visit concern, China tension

"If the U.S. pushes ahead and challenges China's bottom line... the U.S. side will bear all the consequences," he added.

A possible visit by Ms. Pelosi — yet to be confirmed by the senior Democrat — has stirred alarm in Mr. Biden's administration, which fears the trip may cross red lines for China.

It also comes at an especially fraught time as Chinese President Xi Jinping prepares to cement his rule later this year at a major party meeting amid economic headwinds.

Last week Mr. Biden said the U.S. military thought a visit was "not a good idea right now".

Democratic Taiwan lives under constant threat of being invaded by China, which views it as part of its territory to be seized by force if necessary.

China's air incursions near Taiwan have risen sharply this year as Beijing works to isolate the island on the international stage.

Ms. Pelosi told reporters last week it was "important for us to show support for Taiwan", while denying Congress was pushing for independence for the island.

In 1979 Washington switched relations from Taipei to Beijing, and successive administrations have been careful to recognise only "one China" by not sending top-ranking officials to Taiwan.

Washington has had a long-standing policy of strategic ambiguity on whether it would intervene militarily in the event of a Chinese attack on the island.

Mr. Biden recently said the United States was ready to defend Taiwan militarily in an invasion — going beyond just providing weapons — although the White House has walked back his remarks.

The U.S. State Department in April approved the potential sale of equipment, training and other items to support Taiwan's Air Defense System in a deal valued at up to $95 million.

But Taiwan enjoys bipartisan backing in divided Washington and China's warnings have only fuelled calls for Ms. Pelosi to go ahead.

She has long been an outspoken critic of Beijing's human rights record, in 1991 outraging her hosts by unfurling a banner in Tiananmen Square in memory of pro-democracy demonstrators killed there two years earlier.

Taipei has said it welcomes visits from any "friendly foreign guests" and Premier Su Tseng-chang on Wednesday said Taiwan was "very grateful to Speaker Pelosi for her support and friendliness... over the years".

A previous House speaker, Newt Gingrich, visited in 1997 but the Republican was from the rival party of the White House and Beijing's reaction was relatively muted.

CIA chief Bill Burns said last week that Mr. Jinping appears committed to the option of using force against Taiwan, despite lessons from Russia's struggles in Ukraine.

"I wouldn't underestimate President Xi's determination to assert China's control" over Taiwan, he said.

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