‘More men than women have TB in Haryana’

The numbers contradict overall national trends, say doctors

Updated - March 24, 2018 08:20 am IST

Published - March 24, 2018 01:22 am IST - GURUGRAM

Around 229 per lakh persons have tuberculosis (TB) in Haryana, with more men being affected than women. This is in contradiction of national trends.

Referring to World Health Organization and National Family Health Survey reports, Piyush Goel, consultant, Pulmonology and Critical Care, Columbia Asia Hospital, Gurugram, said 380 cases per lakh women against 220 cases per lakh men are affected by TB nationally while the numbers in Haryana stand at 277 per lakh men against 199 per lakh women.

Perinatal deaths

Dr. Goel said despite the difference between national and State trends, high prevalence rates for both sexes in the State are reasons for major worry.

“Although the disease has severe effects on both men and women, it happens to be one of the top five killers of women in the age-group of 25 to 59 years worldwide. TB has severe impact on maternal health and is linked to sixfold rise in perinatal deaths and twice the risk of premature birth. Further, genital TB, which does not get diagnosed easily, is an important cause of infertility. Pregnant women affected by TB and HIV have a 300% increased risk of infant mortality,” said Dr. Goel.


He said: “In India, HIV-infected mothers who also have TB have more than twice the risk of HIV transmission to the unborn child. Women in Indian households still prioritising family health and matters over their own health, added to the stigma and discrimination faced, influences diagnosis and treatment of the disease highly. Economic dependence on male members, and other cultural and financial barriers also hinder timely presentation and treatment of the disease in women.”

Bornali Dutta, associate director, Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Medanta - The Medicity, said she has been part of the hospital’s “Mission TB-Free Haryana” for the past two years, screening 3,000 patients for over 10,000 chest x-rays. She found that Nuh district was significantly underprivileged in the State with lowest number of health facilities and doctors.

Delay in diagnosis

“We have been working in around 16 districts of Haryana and hope to cover the remaining six in the years to come. We found that lack of health facilities and poverty are the two major reasons hindering timely diagnosis and treatment of the disease. People have a habit of not visiting the doctor till they are not significantly unwell. Since TB patients can remain reasonably functional for several months, it leads to delay in diagnosis,” said Dr. Dutta.

0 / 0
Sign in to unlock member-only benefits!
  • Access 10 free stories every month
  • Save stories to read later
  • Access to comment on every story
  • Sign-up/manage your newsletter subscriptions with a single click
  • Get notified by email for early access to discounts & offers on our products
Sign in


Comments have to be in English, and in full sentences. They cannot be abusive or personal. Please abide by our community guidelines for posting your comments.

We have migrated to a new commenting platform. If you are already a registered user of The Hindu and logged in, you may continue to engage with our articles. If you do not have an account please register and login to post comments. Users can access their older comments by logging into their accounts on Vuukle.