Data

Data | Was India safer for women in 2018?

Close to 3.78 lakh cases of crimes against women were recorded in 2018, the highest since gender-wise classifications were initiated in 1992 by the NCRB.

Close to 3.78 lakh cases of crimes against women were recorded in 2018, the highest since gender-wise classifications were initiated in 1992 by the NCRB.   | Photo Credit: Emmanual Yogini

While cases of crimes against women increased over the years, the case disposal rate of the police remained poor and that of courts worsened in recent years.

Close to 3.78 lakh cases of crimes against women were recorded in 2018, the highest since gender-wise classifications were initiated in 1992 by the NCRB. While such cases increased over the years, the case disposal rate of the police remained poor and that of courts worsened in recent years.

A record high

Crimes against women increased every year, reaching a peak in 2018. The graph includes cases filed under both the Indian Penal Code and Special and Local Laws.

Crimes against women over the years

image/svg+xml In 2013, cases of crimes against women increased signifcantly 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 4 lakh 3 lakh 2 lakh 1 lakh 79,037 3,78,277
 

Types of crime

Under most major crime heads, the number of cases filed in 2018 remained high. However, the number of cases filed under the “cruelty by husband and relatives” section, which has seen a decline in recent years, came down further. Graphs show cases filed each year under major crime heads.

What kinds of crimes were committed against women

image/svg+xml 1 lakh 75,000 50,000 25,000 2000 2005 2010 2015 Rape Assault with an intent to outrage her modesty Kidnapping & abduction of women to compel her for marriage 2018
 

image/svg+xml 1.25 lakh 75,000 25,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 2000 2005 2010 2015 Dowry deaths Cases under Dowry Prohibition Act Cruelty by husband or his relatives (Sec. 498 A IPC) 2018
 

Effectiveness of police and courts

The charge-sheeting rate (chargesheets filed /fresh cases filed in that year and carried over from previous years) and pendency rate (cases pending police investigation at the end of the year/total cases) of the police continued to remain poor in 2018. The conviction rate (cases  convicted/fresh cases completed trial in that year and carried-over) and pendency rate (cases pending court trial at the end of the year/total cases) of courts continued to be dismal. At the end of 2018, 33.6% cases were pending police investigation and 90.7% of cases were pending trial in courts.

How well were cases were handled by the police and courts

image/svg+xml 2 lakh 1.5 lakh 1 lakh 50,000 60 40 20 0 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Cases pending police investigation at the end of the year Pendency % (right-axis) Charge-sheeting rate (right-axis) 33.6% 51%

image/svg+xml 15 lakh 10 lakh 5 lakh 100 75 50 25 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Cases pending court trial at the end of the year Conviction % (right-axis) Pendency % (right-axis) 90.7% 23.1%
 

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Printable version | Feb 17, 2020 5:53:23 AM | https://www.thehindu.com/data/data-was-india-safer-for-women-in-2018/article30572094.ece

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