Interim Budget 2019: an exercise aimed at pleasing farmers, informal workers, salaried taxpayers

No income tax up to ₹5 lakh; ₹6000 per annum for farmers with less than 2 hectares of land; and a mega pension scheme for the unorganised sector workers top the announcements made by Union Finance Minister Piyush Goyal in his Budget speech.

Updated - December 05, 2021 08:57 am IST

Published - February 01, 2019 02:23 pm IST - NEW DELHI:

Finance Minister Piyush Goyal presenting the interim Budget 2019-20 in the Lok Sabha on Friday.

Finance Minister Piyush Goyal presenting the interim Budget 2019-20 in the Lok Sabha on Friday.

With a keen eye on the coming general election, the interim Budget 2019-20 contained elements that are aimed at benefiting three major segments of the population — farmers, informal sector workers, and salaried taxpayers — with announcements of an income support scheme for the first, an insurance scheme for the second, and tax exemptions for the third.

Union Finance Minister Piyush Goyal, in his interim Budget speech on Friday, announced the creation of the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Scheme, which is aimed at providing income support to vulnerable landholding farmers. What was notable about the announcement, however, was that he allocated ₹20,000 crore for the scheme for the current financial year.

Opposition party members were quick to point out that this was designed to evade the Election Commission of India rules on announcements that are allowed to be made in an election year.

The Minister was, however, silent on how these high-expenditure schemes would be financed. In fact, he even admitted that implementing the farmers’ income transfer scheme was the reason why the government would be missing its fiscal deficit target not just for the current year, but also for the next year. He said the fiscal deficit would be 3.4% of the GDP for both 2018-19 and 2019-20, compared with a target of 3.3% and 3.1% respectively.

“Under this programme, vulnerable landholding farmer families, having cultivable land up to 2 hectares, will be provided direct income support at the rate of ₹6,000 a year,” Mr. Goyal said. “This income support will be transferred directly into the bank accounts of beneficiary farmers, in three equal instalments of ₹2,000 each. This programme will be funded by the Government of India and will entail an annual expenditure of ₹75,000 crore.”


While keeping tax rates unchanged, he announced that those earning up to ₹5 lakh a year would be exempt from income tax. This, he said, effectively meant that those earning ₹6.5 lakh a year would not need to pay tax if they made full use of the ₹1.5 lakh exemption available under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.

“This neo-middle class required certainties about their future tax liabilities and to save them from the refund process, we have given benefit to this category,” he said.

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The standard deduction limit for salaried taxpayers would be raised to ₹50,000 from the ₹40,000 announced in last year Budget. “This will provide additional tax benefit of ₹4,700 crore to more than three crore salary earners and pensioners,” the Minister said.

In another move designed to appeal to the masses, Mr. Goyal said the Tax Deduction at Source (TDS) threshold on interest earned on bank/post office deposits had been proposed to be raised from ₹10,000 to ₹40,000. Further, the TDS threshold for deduction of tax on rent had also been proposed to be increased from ₹1,80,000 to ₹2,40,000.

The Minister also proposed to exempt the levy of income tax on notional rent on a second self-occupied house. Currently, income tax on notional rent is payable if one has more than one self-occupied house.


This relief was being provided, considering the difficulty of the middle class having to maintain families at two locations on account of their jobs, children’s education, or the care of parents, he said.

Fixed pension

In a bid to win over informal workers, the Minister announced the Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maandhan Scheme, designed to ensure a fixed monthly pension of ₹3,000 a month for those above the age of 60. The contribution would be ₹100 a month for those joining the scheme at the age of 29, while it would just ₹55 a month for those joining at the age of 18. The government would match the monthly contributions with an equal contribution of its own.

Coming just a day after the government revised significantly upwards the GDP growth estimates for 2016-17 and 2017-18, the Minister’s Budget speech spent a considerable amount of time on the state of the economy and how it is a bright spot in the world.

“The country witnessed its best phase of macro-economic stability during this period,” Mr. Goyal said.

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