A TV documentary claims to have evidence that the mysterious ‘Prisoner X’ who died in a Tel Aviv jail in 2010 was an Australian Mossad agent

Like the fictional “The Man in the Iron Mask,” Israel’s infamous “Prisoner X” was allegedly held in solitary confinement in conditions of such strict secrecy that even his own jailers were told neither his name nor the crime he had allegedly committed.

The man’s identity became the subject of intense speculation when he was reportedly found hanged in his cell in 2010, but the prisoner’s existence has never been officially acknowledged by Israel’s government — which has gone to extraordinary lengths to stifle media coverage of the case.

Now, however, new evidence has been uncovered by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) strongly suggesting that Prisoner X was an Australian citizen and a Mossad agent.

In the immediate aftermath of ABC’s claims, the Israeli newspaper Haaretz reported that the Israeli Prime Minister’s office had called “an emergency meeting of the Editors Committee ... to ask its members to co-operate with the government and withhold publication of information pertaining to an incident that is very embarrassing to a certain government agency.”

The meeting was widely believed to be linked to the Prisoner X case.

In a second article referring to the case of a “prisoner’s suicide in 2010,” the paper linked explicitly to its report on the gagging order.

Media guessing game

A new documentary screened earlier this week for ABC’s “Foreign Correspondent” programme claims Prisoner X was Ben Zygier, who used the name Ben Alon or Ben Allen after moving to Israel. He was secretly imprisoned in Ayalon prison in Ramla in the wing built to accommodate Yigal Amir, the assassin of the Israeli President Yitzhak Rabin, ABC reported.

The 34-year-old was married to an Israeli woman and was the father of two young children. He had reportedly spent a number of months in the Prisoner X cell before his death. The infamous case first came to international attention amid a flurry of stories in 2010. Coverage talked about the existence of an unidentified man being held in conditions of absolute secrecy for an undisclosed crime, which prompted a media guessing game over his identity, with some speculating he was an Iranian Revolutionary Guards general.

According to accounts at the time, even his guards were not aware of the prisoner’s identity or the crime he had allegedly committed.

Debate over the existence of Prisoner X was, however, short-lived with the story disappearing from the Haaretz website.

Speculation that the Israeli government had imposed a media blackout prompted Dan Yakir, the chief legal counsel with the Association for Civil Rights in Israel, to write to the country’s attorney general and demand that the “blackout be eliminated.”

On Monday, February 11, Haaretz printed a heavily pixilated image of what it said was the original document enforcing a reporting ban.

The existence of the blackout appeared to be confirmed by the call for a reporting ban in the immediate aftermath of the Australian report.

According to the ABC investigation, circumstantial evidence for its identification of Zygier was provided by the repatriation of his body to Melbourne from Tel Aviv a week after Prisoner X was allegedly found hanged in his cell.

The programme claimed that Zygier had a second passport in the name of Ben Allen at the time of the repatriation of his body.

Commenting on ABC’s disclosures, the Australian Foreign Minister, Bob Carr, said he was concerned by the claims. “Those allegations certainly do trouble me,” he said.

“It’s never been raised with me. I’m not reluctant to seek an explanation from the Israeli government about what happened to Mr Allen and about what their view of it is. The difficulty is I’m advised we’ve had no contact with his family [and] there’s been no request for consular assistance during the period it’s alleged he was in prison.

“Even if Prisoner X has now been identified, his crime, however, remains a mystery although it has been widely speculated that it would have involved treachery to warrant such extreme measures.” Details of one of two gagging orders acquired by the Israeli government have now been disclosed to the London-based Guardian.

Israel first sought to prevent reporting of the case in an injunction it sought in March 2010. A second “clarifying order was issued by judge Hila Gerstel of the central district court making clear that the reporting ban referred to all Israeli media and preventing any discussion of the man who had been referred to variously as “Prisoner X,” “Mr X” or “cell 15 in Ayalon prison,” where he was being held.

The fact of the court’s involvement on two different occasions suggests some kind of judicial oversight of the case but do not make clear the man’s identity or what charges he was facing.

About prisoners’ rights

Bill van Esveld, a researcher for Human Rights Watch, said that the case raised serious question about fundamental prisoners’ rights including lack of due process, what information was given to the man’s family and rights of consular access under international treaty obligations.

“We only know the absolute bare bones of this case. We know that there was some kind of gagging order and it would be almost unheard of to involve a judge to silence a story that had no basis in truth.

“The main concern is over the fact that a person cannot simply be disappeared. That is against the norms of international law. That person’s family needs to know what has happened to them. They have to be able to have access to a defence attorney and their government needs to be informed to permit consular access.”

© Guardian Newspapers Limited, 2013