Eminent economist Madhura Swaminathan on Tuesday said the UPA government's flagship Food Security Bill should have a universal appeal as any targeted selection would lead to complications in picking the beneficiaries in a big country like India.
The Indian Statistical Institute Professor, whose research falls in the area of food security, agriculture and rural development, said: “the draft Bill, as envisaged currently, will exclude a huge segment of the population.”
“Experience shows that in any targeted scheme a significant segment of extremely poor and vulnerable part gets deprived,” she said at an event organised by the North East Action group.
Ms. Swaminathan, a faculty member of the Kolkata-based Indian Statistical Institute and also member of the Central government's expert committee on long-term grain policy, said a selective subsidy scheme was feasible only when the targeted segment was small.
“The government is giving the example of Mexico and Brazil to argue for cash transfer to targeted segments. But while the level of malnourishment among children is 5-6 per cent in Mexico and Brazil, it is 46 per cent in India. With such a huge sample, how do you ensure that none of the poor families are left out,” she said.
In the U.S., people were eligible for food stamps if they spent more than 33 per cent of their total expenditure on food items. “Taking this parameter, 95 per cent of Indians in rural areas and 90 per cent in urban areas should be eligible for food security. But the draft Bill talks of excluding 25 per cent people in rural areas and 50 per cent in urban areas,” Ms. Swaminathan said.
Besides the financial factors, the government should also look into social issues such as infant mortality and malnutrition while formulating the Bill.