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Updated: February 7, 2011 21:53 IST

CAG goes after another spectrum deal

    Madhumathi D. S.
    Thomas K. Thomas
Comment (52)   ·   print   ·   T  T  
The Hindu

Preliminary estimates point to loss of more than Rs. 2,00,000 crore; Department of Space, ISRO under scanner

Hard on the heels of its explosive investigations of the 2G spectrum allotments made in 2008 by the Department of Telecommunications, the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) has started inquiries into a 2005 agreement between the Indian Space Research Organisation's commercial arm Antrix Corporation Ltd. and Devas Multimedia Private Ltd.

The agreement relates to ISRO's launching of two satellites for Devas but automatically bestows on the latter a large hidden benefit: unbridled use of 70 MHz of the scarce S-band spectrum over a 20-year period.

ISRO is under the Department of Space (DoS), which is directly in the Prime Minister's charge.

Business Line learns that according to preliminary CAG estimates, this spectrum largesse to a private customer could have caused the exchequer a loss in excess of Rs. 2 lakh crore. According to the contract with Devas, Antrix would have earned $11 million a year per satellite for 12 years.

By comparison, the presumptive loss incurred in the allocation of 2G spectrum by the DoT, as estimated by the CAG, is Rs 1.76 lakh crore.

Under the deal, Devas Multimedia is to get access to 70 Mhz of broadband spectrum in the 2500 Mhz band. This was once used by Doordarshan to deliver programmes by satellite to all parts of the country but is now considered to be of enormous commercial value for high-speed, terrestrial mobile communications. In 2010, the Union government got nearly Rs. 67,719 crore from the auction of just 15 Mhz of similar airwaves for 3G mobile services.

Devas Multimedia is a company in which Deutsche Telekom is a minority equity stakeholder. Dr. M.G. Chandrasekhar, Devas Multimedia Chairman, is a former Scientific Secretary at ISRO.

Although the Space Commission in July 2010 strongly objected to the contract and recommended that it be scrapped, this has not happened. However, Devas Multimedia has been given some spectrum to conduct trials.

According to the contract, copies of which are available with Business Line and The Hindu, Devas Multimedia is entitled to get a total of 70 Mhz of the S-band spectrum on lease for 20 years. The contract requires ISRO to build and launch two communications satellites — GSAT-6 and GSAT-6A — at a further cost of Rs 2,000 crore. Devas Multimedia will get to use 10 transponders on each of the satellites.

The CAG is reported to have asked for an explanation from the DoS on the preferential allocation of S-band spectrum without DoS/Antrix going through a competitive bidding process; on diverting public resources out of ISRO's budget towards two customer-specific satellites for Devas Multimedia; and misinforming regulators about the project's financial aspects and its full commercial implications.

The contract, unlike others ISRO has signed in the past, places no restrictions on Devas Multimedia for onward lease of spectrum.

On May 31, 2010, Business Line first reported the preferential maiden allotment of S-band spectrum to Devas Multimedia, which planned to launch digital satellite multimedia broadcast services (D-SMB) in India using that space infrastructure.

It is the first time the S-band, which ranges from 2500 to 2690 Mhz, has been opened up to the private sector. And this has been done on the quiet.

CAG’s concerns over deal

● S-band spectrum was allocated without inviting competitive bids

● Organisational control systems were not followed

● The Prime Minister’s Office, the Cabinet, and the Space Commission have not been properly informed about the contract details, including the underestimation of ISRO’s costs

● Public resources were diverted to build two customer-specific satellites

● Devas Multimedia’s terms deviate from those in past commercial contracts of ISRO/Antrix

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The Prime Minister himself wants to conceal something in the S Band scam which comes under his direct portfolio. The committee formed by the Prime Minister to probe the contract consists of two persons who are directly involved in this scam and are of questionable character and the Prime Minister wants to keep the issue as a 'house' matter. This should be made public. This should be inquired by a Supreme Court Judge. The Prime Minister, that is why, criticizes the interference of the judiciary in the administrative matters of the Govt. Manmohan should understand that if the Govt goes wrong the Judiciary is the only savior for the country.

from:  K. Sanckar
Posted on: Feb 11, 2011 at 20:13 IST

Why you are forgetting LIC Scam?

from:  vijay
Posted on: Feb 9, 2011 at 16:44 IST

If I were Dr.(does he deserve this title anymore?) M.G. Chandrasekhar I wouldn't have joined a private company and let it benefit from ignorant ISRO. Why do we think Devas needs Mr. Chandrasekhar; it is just to leverage ISRO loop holes - otherwise anyone who has good telecom expereience and leadership talent could do this job. More than legal trial it should also be a soul searching by these 'formers' of vital institutions of India. We should immediately bring in a law to ban these 'former' public service personnel from joining or starting private companies. It amounts to Intellectual Property theft.

from:  Venkatkrishnan
Posted on: Feb 9, 2011 at 12:00 IST

Very well said by the earlier readers. We people have now become habituated to hear about a new scam everyday. How silently and how cleanly they are fooling the people. On the one side where Egypt is struggling for the democratic system in their country, on the other side we Indians seem to be the greatest fools in the already well established democratic environment. No meaning of this democratic system in India, where we are still in hands of those corrupted politicians, which is no lesser than the dictatorship.

from:  Harsh
Posted on: Feb 8, 2011 at 23:07 IST

Blaming our guileless Prime Minister for anything sinister is an act of cowardice! Our PM is only guilty of shying away from unjust criticism from crooked opposition parties. He merely covers his eyes, ears & mouth so that he cannot see, hear or speak out against petty corruption by his cabinet colleagues! Must he also suffer the indignity of questions about rising prices when we know full well that prices are rising globally? What about 2 million % inflation in Zimbabwe! Are we not better with a mere 19% food inflation? Our PM is better as he also blocks his nose from the putrid stench of everyday corruption by playful cabinet ministers so that it does not offend his sensitive Oxbridge nasal passages, used as it is to the fragrance prevailing Congress. Even Gandhi cannot compete with our PM who now personifies four monkeys compared to Gandhi’s three. PM’s main prop in life is the stenographer’s pad on his knobbly knees, so that he can take the furious pace of dictation from Madame in Jan Path. In this he outdoes OP Mathai who did the same job for Nehru; except that Nehru occupied the chair, not Mathai. As for Madame, she comes armed with the versatility & skill of India and Italy combined. Madame is innocent because she merely picks thugs, rapists & thieves to key national tasks. She cannot be held responsible for their petty pranks, such as robbing the country completely dry, just as much as a mother cannot be held responsible for innocent pranks played by her children in school! Look at Egypt. See how they suffer for democracy, when we have it all! Count your blessings while you have it. As for our simian PM, he does not seek lucre or stash but only to be recorded as the longest serving stenographer in India. Are we such an irresponsible nation that we deny him even this paltry honor?

from:  Ramgopal Dass
Posted on: Feb 8, 2011 at 11:35 IST

The comment from Yashwanth P "The same way Raja was sent to jail, M G Chandrashekhar also needs to be sent to jail" seems to draw an unfair parallel between the acts of the minister and the unrelated acts of the businessman. Very little is publicly known about the Devas Multimedia matter yet. I hope to read more about it in The Hindu and other media. If Yashwanth has any basis for his view, he should share what he knows, with others, instead of casting judgement. Also, Mr Raja has not been tried yet.

from:  Kumar
Posted on: Feb 8, 2011 at 10:03 IST

At least we must feel happy some one is coming out with these scandals which is not the case before.

from:  ChandraSekhar
Posted on: Feb 8, 2011 at 09:45 IST

I had a faith in ISRO but at last ISRO too has indulged in the scams that are shackling the current economic status of our country. I feel ashamed to be a part of this polluted country for the first time. Hope things would get settled with better political measures. common people should know that they are not just audience, but can turn the face of the country when needed.

from:  Ananthnag
Posted on: Feb 8, 2011 at 00:04 IST

UPA - II claims to be innocent and unaware of every scandal that occurred. Well being unaware and innocent is NOT an excuse. Indians are sick and tired of being forced to choose between the lesser evil choice between political parties. The Supreme Court is doing everything which was supposed to be done by the centre. I am completely disillusioned by this so called democracy. We need more transparency and a complete revival.

from:  Prabhat
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 23:49 IST

All our people are responsible for this. Because every time we forget and forgive all the politicians if they do any mistake. If a thief loots a small amount of money even if one time....we are sending them to jail. This is fact. But a politician does 1000 of 1000 mistakes and he loots our money. We are not bothering at all.Can we forgive all the thieves in India who looted our money and bring them to their home and demolish all the jails? Can we? Then, why we are letting our politicians to loot our money? Why you are electing? If a politician makes a mistake....and if(??) he goes to jail, he comes out again because parties support him, religion support him! Caste supports him! Even day-by-day media forget them and they support him....we are putting mud on ourselves.

from:  Venkatesan
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 23:46 IST

CAG seems to act like the most useful arm of the JPC-mongering opposition cadre than that of the Aam Aadhmi. Where were all these bodies so far?

from:  Mano
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 23:10 IST

Ignoring the objections made by the Space Commission, Devas Multimedia has been given some spectrum. When BSNL/MTNL were given access to 20 Mhz for Rs.12,847 crores, Devas were 'gifted with an access of 70 Mhz for mere Rs.1000 crores'! What a blatant loot of Government revenue? The observations made by CAG are very pertinent. The ISRO authorities concerned are no less than terrorists who enabled to loot the Government revenue.

from:  Devulapalli Srinivasa Murti
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 22:39 IST

Thanks The Hindu for exposing this scam...

from:  Apurba
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 22:04 IST

ISRO worked as a non-profitable organization..But question is that who made the profit? Our PM Mr. Manmohan Singh can explain about all spectrum deals.It's the time to punish all accused.

from:  Jeetendra
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 21:41 IST

None of the scams were out to the public because of left support to the UPA-1. The Nuclear deal is itself a scam which needs to be investigated.

from:  S Ram
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 21:38 IST

It is unfortunate that highly qualified ISRO people are involved in these kind of irregularities. Already we have seen how our high ranking defence officials were involved in ADARSH scam. So corruption is now not only limited to politicians and public office bearers. It is becoming increasingly difficult for common people to believe in any of our institutions. I was a admirer of ManMohan singh but he has disappointed me.

from:  Veerendra
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 21:09 IST

Equating 2G with S Band is not correct. Harnessing S-band has been started long time back and contract concluded during 2005 - where utilisation factor was not known for getting competitive bidding. There are certain ab-initio efforts required in S Band unlike 2G - there are certain technicalities which cannot be explained in this coloumn. Suspicion may arise because CMD was an ex.IRSO employee. There are much more in this case - I hope ISRO will certainly come-out with clean chit. One thing people must understand - in the case of 2G there is a demand of subscription of 700 million and it is secured and low investment technology - where competition can be created. In the case of S-Band entirely different - days to come will certainly reveal the truth as the issue is not as that of 2G scam.

from:  Swaminathan P
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 21:05 IST

Corruption in India has become a part of our Democratic set up? Can't we change our system?

from:  MS Kalyani
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 20:55 IST

Going by the enormous figures of amount involved in the 'new' scam, it seems that the sky is the 'natural' limit for the ISRO bosses. There may be many more skeletons in the cupboard of the UPA Government. With the unearthing of scam after scam, the image of both India and UPA is sinking deeper and deeper. People have lost faith in the Government and its investigating agencies. For a fair and speedy probe it is time we outsourced it to Scotland Yard. And all those officials involved in the so many scams must be hanged in the public and their ill-gotten wealth is impounded.

from:  M Somasekhar Prasad
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 20:50 IST

The demand for JPC by all the opposition parties in Parliament is now vindicated. How many scams will yet to come out to shock the people of India by this UPA Govt. Since the ISRO department comes directly under Prime Minister's ministry, Mr Manmohan Singh has to open his mouth at least now.

from:  K. Sanckar
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 20:24 IST

Very well said by the earlier readers.We people have now become habituated to hear about a new scam on everyday. How silently and how cleanly they are fooling the people. On the one side where Egypt is struggling for the democratic system in their country, on the other side we Indians seem to be the greatest fools in the already well established democratic environment. No meaning of this democratic system in India, where we are still in hands of those corrupted politicians, which is no lesser than the dictatorship.

from:  Sohya Singhal
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 20:22 IST

If there is any silver lining in any of this, it would be that, hopefully, the CAG is actually doing its job as a responsible watchdog, without corrupt practises and unwholesome external influence. I pray I have not spoken too soon.

from:  Samir Mody
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 20:20 IST

It seems there is no end to the woes of Prime Minister. This time it is the department which is directly under him.I don't understand how is he going to deal with this.If I had been BJP I would want him in the court room this time though not for fraud but for Respondent Superior.BJP is already accusing him for 2G scam. This thing could be his worst nightmare, perhaps more than a nightmare.India is a strong contender to top Global Corruption Index next time.

from:  Ashutosh Vichore
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 19:50 IST

I hang my head in shame--- even the so called the scientists have taken to robbery. M G Chandrashrkhar and some former chairmen of ISRO also come under scanner. The ones who had propelled Chandrasekhar from a low rung scientist to the scientific secretary level- a classic case of getting a right man to suit their greedy ways.

from:  Anand
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 18:52 IST

Here again Prime Minister and cabinet will say facts were not placed infront of them. They sign blindly without applying there mind and the loot is on. PM should be questioned in the court for his excellence in managing corruption. Congress party gets money to win votes..Congress should be black listed in India.

from:  Chandrakant Marathe
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 18:43 IST

Rural India being exploited but no one cares for hungry stomachs. It's time to change everything needed for power in young hands and young hands are on facebook. It's time to be cautious.

from:  Pranav Kulkarni
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 18:42 IST

CAG's remarks pin-pointing the lapses on the part of ISRO are very pertinent. In fact ISRO committed a hideous crime by suppressing/superseding the Space Commission's outright rejection of the proposal in its initial stages itself. That means there was certainly a 'powerful concealed hand' of the party in power is involved. Congrats to The Hindu for taking a lead to reveal the scam. CAG deserves all the complements for doing their job effectively.

from:  Devulapalli Srinivasa Murti
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 18:08 IST

One may ask from its conscience that was the fight for complete independence from arbitrary and discriminatory colonial rule worth it. Despite attaining independence half a century ago, Indian public at large has been unable to shed its colonial mindset. Particularly our political class and bureaucracy. Is this the good governance as repeatedly claimed by our H'nble P.M. while it is too early to make conclusion about the pending investigation but the range and scale of the scams is increasing with every passing day. One on hand our P.M. urges judiciary to avoid unnecessary judicial activism, on the other hand the policy makers are exploiting the loopholes and lacunae in enforcement legislations? The whole structure of our democracy is destabilising with each passing day. The burden of corruption has assumed precarious weight requiring hitherto unused stringent legislative measures. Time has come for our political system to come together across party and parorchial lines to save the country from falling into utter chaos and most importantly to save its face as in our case nothing seems to work as far as corruption is concerned. Or else accept that it's a banana republic .

from:  Vivek Kumar
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 17:37 IST

It's saddening to see the common man taken for a ride every now and then. Yet another scandal and crores of losses.The PM who is arguably the most educationally qualified citizen to lead our nation is a silent spectator with all these happening in his backyard.The fear of conviction amongst the bureaucrats and the politicians are literally nil as they believe they can walk free. The activists who stood against corruption with their only weapon, RTI, are being eliminated. At one end where farmers die of hunger, PM argues that minimum wages should be linked to inflation and at the other he awards spectrum, a natural resource at throwaway prices. Tax payers money for launching 2 satellites for a private firm which will sell it in 2 months time to a foreign investor for 10 fold profit. India is no longer the country for poor. No wonder Naxals and Maoists still thrive in this Great Nation.

from:  Haren
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 17:21 IST

Such behavior on part of the politicians and powers that be is only boiling the blood of the youth and the common population which is reeling under poverty, hunger, joblessness, inflation, lack of proper healthcare, lack of social security and rising food and property prices. I am a software engineer earning a decent enough salary but that doesn't blind me to the inequalities that are mushrooming in our society. I think we have a revolution in the making.

from:  Sayeed Munawar Hussain
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 16:49 IST

Seems it's now the turn of scientists after politicians, judges, corporates, civil servants. Who is then the saviour? The PM, who is considered to have the highest integrity seems totally inefficient as a good administrator. He could have prevented almost all the new incoming scandals by just acting on them at the appropriate time. I remember Abdul Kalam's comparison between him and Vajpayee. "Vajpayee is a able and strong administrator whereas Manmohan is wise and intelligent and India needs both". Act now Mr PM. Where else will we go?

from:  sambandan. s
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 16:10 IST

I agree with Yashwant P. He is absolutely right. This is what is known as Playing Violin while Rome Burns. India is at all time risk of loosing all its credibility. Stock Market is on free fall for no particular reason. Stealing while the house is on fire instead of calling fire force.

from:  Saldhana
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 15:48 IST

Great work by CAG to unearth another mega scandal. But the big question still remains unanswered - why are we going 4-5 years after the deal is made? There should be active preventive system (independent commission of some sort) to analyse and approve these deals.

from:  Siva
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 15:43 IST

I am reproducing a part of the news item published by you : "According to the contract with Devas, Antrix would have earned $11 million a year per satellite for 12 years." $11 million per satellite for an year for 12 years for 2 satellites works out to $264 million. This amounts out to Rs.1215 crores. Then how come this works out to around Rs. 2 lakh crores?

from:  Jacob Abraham
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 15:38 IST

india is going right way

from:  raha
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 14:58 IST


The Prime Minister’s Office, the Cabinet, and the Space Commission,the CAG says, have not been properly informed about the contract details,including the under-estimation of ISRO’s costs. The PM has his own secretariat besides the cabinet secretariat with its Secretary reporting to the PM and organisaions like the ISRO under his charge.Yet, as in the case of the 2G scam, it is claimed, the PM and his staff were not aware of the matters regarding the allocation of the S-band spectrum, even though this allegedy involved huge losses to the government. How long will this charade go on,one wonders. The PM and his officialshave much to answer for. As much as integrity, credibility is a quality one expects from high office.

from:  K.Vijayakumar
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 14:30 IST

The same way Raja was sent to jail, M G Chandrashekhar also needs to be sent to jail. The Govt will be under observation as to how it is going to deal this case.

from:  Yashwanth P
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 14:24 IST

Oh God, this trail is leading straight to the doorstep of Alibaba himself.We wonder whether it is some kind of black magic, which is mesmerising all the powers that be, to reel under the greed of money.
Should we all pray to the Almighty, to prevail upon the good sense of all these innocent people, to come out of this "'Maya"" and dwell into the real world.Or Should it be, Father , forgive them, for they don't know what they are doing?



from:  P.G.RAVIKUMAR
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 14:20 IST

God many more scandles its better to have protests like in egypt to wipe out corrupt system.JAI HIND!

from:  Girish
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 13:41 IST

Is this all or do we have more scandals to be brought out to public attention. I guess as Indians we are already sick and tired of hearing corruption stories.. and now we happen to hear one new story everyday. All credits to the Unethical/Corrupt/ illiterate (some MP's and most of the MLA's) politicians and their families. Before we step in to get rid of these idiots, the Supreme Court of India (the Guardian of the Indian Constitution) should agree to have a major law reform to seal all the loop holes that enable these unlawful criminals slip out of charges. File the charges against them, prove their guilt before they have time to change witness/documents and have them face the most severe punishments (left to me these fellows do not deserve a prison cell maintained by public tax payers money.. now the reader should understand what i meant by severe punishment). Unless we have loop holes sealed, i personally feel, the politicians make a gimic out of the arrest and continue fooling around.

from:  Ram Raghuraman
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 13:24 IST

Its extremely sad to see the state our country has fallen in, thanks to the Sonia led congress government. Never before has the country witnessed the central government embezzeling such huge amount of money, bringing shame in the international arena. What is even more disgraceful is that the hard earned money of us middle class families is being looted right in front of our eyes, and we are not able to fight for justice in this so-called democratic republican nation of a 100 million people!! The Indian Raj is slowly, but irreversibly turning into a British raj, where we might have to fight for even our basic necessities in the near future.

from:  Mathangi
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 13:13 IST

This is just the tip of the iceberg...I wonder how this country will progress when even our prestige scientists are looting money

from:  Noble T Padiyara
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 12:57 IST

In my opinion government has no longer the people who can really handle such issues.Different wings of administration are not functioning.We need to have a special department below CAG for ministration.Transparency is one thing but,when the whole system is at stake it's quite better to scrap things and start afresh.

from:  Pradeep Mishra
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 12:41 IST

Once again the Indian citizen has been misguided by a such a responsible agency like ISRO which is the pioneer of the scienific development of the nation. The occurrence of such phenomena really puts a question mark on the integrity and reliability of machinery of the Indian democratic system. If this type of incidents happen in an organisation like ISRO, which is known for its accuracy, faithfelness and made the nation rich in scientific development, such shameful activity really hurts the spirit of the nation and hinders the dream of the nation builders who sacrificed thier lives for a better tommorow for the people of our nation.

from:  Vijay Bahadur Verma
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 11:33 IST

My heart is burning. What a sad state of affairs. How can ISRO or DoS pretend to be oblivious of the real commercial value of the spectrum and gift it to a private party in a disastrous deal! Simply too many questions around former ISRO Scientific Secretary's links with ISRO. Every single word to express our public anguish is becoming a cliche! We are dumb struck. High time we stop all the current deals of ISRO/ DoS and probe all historic high value deals! Who knows how many other linkages we would uncover and how many more Lakh Crores.

from:  Muralidharan
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 10:46 IST

Corruption is the fore most factor seriously limiting India's growth. We could have built high speed rail network like the golden quadrilateral, irrigated several lakhs of acres of land and eradicated poverty in a large scale if these scams were not done and the public money is utilized properly. I think now I can only dream of those things in my generation with this kind of corruption ruling India.

from:  Krishna
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 10:16 IST

This government is setting world record in corruption. It's not only about governance deficit but moral deficit also.The prime minister and his cabinet have lost all the credibility to remain in power. The reform on which they are banking on from last twenty years is now looks like mirage.Govt must fix accountability and restore confidence; otherwise the reversal of development which we are seeing through inflation, slowing manufacturing growth and slowing down of investment in this country will entail a huge cost and we all have to pay the price for that.

from:  Alok Kumar
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 08:13 IST

It's raining scams in Delhi. Every arm of the Government (Defence, DOT, ISRO) has somehow found themselves in the hot waters of scams. The Antrix scam is bigger that 2G by 25 lakh cores. Keep digging and we will find more. This could also be a red herring to divert the attention from the 2G scam. I am sure that the ruling party in every state is waiting for the World Cup to start, so that the foucs of the nation shitfs to winning the cup from the daily dosage of scams. Let us see how the 'matured independent' media keeps the focus on scams. To recall, we had Bofors, Harshad Mehta and other scams brushed under the carpet when a bigger one surfaced.

from:  Mani Sandilya
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 07:16 IST

It is shocking to learn that an organisation such as the ISRO, which most people hold in high esteem has also been sucked into the stinky morass of the capitalist underworld.

from:  Aditya Narayanan
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 06:58 IST

Wholesale looting is taking place. It is difficult to believe that no one in the Govt. knew what was going on. The guilty must be severely punished.

from:  krishna
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 03:48 IST

Great work, CAG. And great scoop, Business Line!

from:  Mohan
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 03:28 IST

While I have no hope that the Indian Politicians are going to change their divisive and corrupt vote-bank politics, I'm extremely happy to know there is still some present in the high-offices who work for the country. Bravo CAG! `

from:  Sivasathivel Kandasamy
Posted on: Feb 7, 2011 at 02:35 IST
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