Critics say the steps do not go far enough

In a balancing act, U.S. President Barack Obama outlined reforms to prevent abuse of controversial U.S. domestic surveillance programmes that he insisted help keep America safe, but critics said the steps did not go far enough.

“Given the history of abuse by governments, it is right to ask questions about surveillance, particularly as technology is reshaping every aspect of our lives,” Mr. Obama said on Friday amidst a public outcry over U.S. intelligence gathering measures.

“It’s not enough for me as President to have confidence in these programmes,” Mr. Obama said during a news conference in the East Room of the White House.

“The American people need to have confidence as well.”

The National Security Agency (NSA)’s domestic surveillance programmes, including one that monitors the metadata of domestic phone calls, have come under the scanner following their disclosure by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden, who has been given a one-year asylum by Russia.

Four steps aimed at reassuring the public outlined by Mr. Obama included working with Congress to reform Section 215 of the Bush-era Patriot Act, which governs the programme that collects telephone records.

To add an adversarial voice, he has also proposed appointing a lawyer to argue against the government at the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, which is accused of essentially rubber-stamping official requests to scour electronic records.

He also announced the formation of a group of external experts to review all U.S. government intelligence and communications technologies.

Mr. Obama has also directed justice department to declassify the legal rationale for the government’s phone-data collection, and said NSA would put in place a “civil liberties and privacy officer”.

But the “legal rationale” presented in a 22-page “white paper”, according to The Washington Post, asserted “a bold and broad power to collect the phone records of millions of Americans in order to search for a nugget of information that might thwart a terrorist attack”.

“The release of the white paper appeared to do little to allay the concerns of critics in Congress and the civil liberties community who say the surveillance programme violates Americans’ right to privacy,” the influential U.S. daily noted.

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