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Updated: September 13, 2010 09:41 IST

We are not at war with Islam, and never will be, says Obama

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HEART IS THE MATTER: President Barack Obama puts his hand on his heart during the playing of the national anthem at the Pentagon Memorial, marking the ninth anniversary of the September 11 attacks on Saturday. Photo: AP
AP HEART IS THE MATTER: President Barack Obama puts his hand on his heart during the playing of the national anthem at the Pentagon Memorial, marking the ninth anniversary of the September 11 attacks on Saturday. Photo: AP

Tensions flared over plans to build a mosque near ground zero as rival demonstrations took place after family members of the victims of the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks recited loved one’s names through tears at a sombre ceremony marking the ninth anniversary of the terrorist attacks on the U.S.

After Saturday’s official ceremony, around 2,000 activists rallied about five blocks from the site of the 2001 attacks to support the proposed Islamic community centre. About 1,500 mosque opponents gathered nearby, chanting “USA, USA” and “No mosque here.”

In an annual tradition, two bright blue beams of light rose from lower Manhattan in memory of the fallen towers on Saturday night.

Speaking at the Pentagon, where 184 people died on Sept. 11, 2001, President Barack Obama alluded to the controversy over the mosque and a Florida pastor’s threat, later rescinded, to burn copies of the Quran, the Muslim holy book. Mr Obama rejected the terrorists’ efforts to spark conflicts among faiths.

“They may seek to exploit our freedoms, but we will not sacrifice the liberties we cherish or hunker down behind walls of suspicion and mistrust. They may wish to drive us apart, but we will not give in to their hatred and prejudice,” Mr Obama said.

“As Americans we are not ” and never will be ” at war with Islam,” the president said. “It was not a religion that attacked us that September day ” it was al—Qaida, a sorry band of men which perverts religion.”

Family members gathering at observances in New York and Pennsylvania brought flowers, pictures of loved ones and American flags, but no signs of opposition or support for the mosque. As they read victims’ names, they urged a restrained tone.

“Let today never, ever be a national holiday. Let it not be a celebration,” said Karen Carroll, who lost her brother, firefighter Thomas Kuveikis. “It’s a day to be sombre; it’s a day to reflect on all those thousands of people that died for us in the United States.”

Shortly after the city’s memorial service, groups of protesters took up positions in lower Manhattan, blocks apart and representing both sides of the debate over the mosque, which has roiled U.S. politics for weeks leading up to the anniversary. The debate pits advocates of religious freedom against critics who say putting an Islamic centre so close to ground zero disrespects the dead.

Near City Hall, supporters of the mosque toted signs, including one that read, “The attack on Islam is racism.” Opponents carried placards that read, “Stop Obama’s Mosque” and “Never forgive, never forget, no WTC mosque.”

There were no arrests in New York, police said. There were scattered scuffles in the streets, including one in which a man ripped up another’s poster advocating freedom of religion and the second man struck back with the stick.

At the anniversary ceremony, stifling sobs in front of microphones, some September 11 family members who read names sought to emphasize sentiments on all sides of the mosque argument.

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