SEARCH

Friday Review » History & Culture

Updated: March 15, 2012 03:49 IST

Tipu's treaty, as reported in 1792

Sharath S. Srivatsa
Comment (16)   ·   print   ·   T  T  
Gosling Bank cheque issued by
the Governor-General of East India Company, Warren Hastings, on May 17, 1794, in favour of one Joshua Patrick for £30. It is in the possession of Sunil Baboo, a document and map collector in
Bangalore. Photo: K. Bhagya Prakash
The Hindu Gosling Bank cheque issued by the Governor-General of East India Company, Warren Hastings, on May 17, 1794, in favour of one Joshua Patrick for £30. It is in the possession of Sunil Baboo, a document and map collector in Bangalore. Photo: K. Bhagya Prakash

When Tipu Sultan lost the Third Anglo-Mysore War to the allied forces in 1792, the old Mysore region did not have a newspaper to report it. But, thousands of kilometres away, readers of the Philadelphia-based The Mail; or, Claypoole's Daily Advertiser read the details of the war and the treaty that was signed subsequently.

A copy of the four-page newspaper, having survived for nearly 220 years in different hands, reached Bangalore-based document collector Sunil Baboo. He bought it from a U.S. dealer last year.

The September 8, 1792 edition of The Mail… carries details of the treaty signed between Tipu and allied forces commander Lord Cornwallis. The war came ended on February 6, 1792, and the treaty was signed on February 22, 1792. It was notified in the July 5 issue of London Gazette.

The Mail… reproduced the contents of the treaty notified in the London Gazette. Following the treaty, Tipu had to cede half of his dominion and pay 3.3 crore sicca rupees in pagodas, or gold mohurs, or its worth in gold or silver bullion. He was forced to hand over two of his sons as hostage till he made the payment.

Mr. Baboo told The Hindu: “A dealer in the U.S., who knew of my interest in historical documents, informed me of the newspaper copy some time in 2010. The price… was very high as the dealer knew the value… It took me a couple of months to seal the deal. I pestered him to reduce the price.”

The copy of The Mail…, which is in good condition, is among the many old documents that are with Mr. Baboo, who has been collecting documents for over a decade now.

Also in his possession is a Gosling Bank cheque issued by the Governor-General of East India Company, Warren Hastings, on May 17, 1794, in favour of one Joshua Patrick for £30. He claimed that this was “the second oldest cheque of the world's banking history. The oldest known cheque issued in 1723 is on display in a British museum.”

‘A princely sum'

According to him, the cheque is important for three reasons: it is the second oldest banking cheque; it is signed by Hastings; and £30 was a princely sum in that period.

Most of the documents in the possession of Mr. Baboo, a merchandise consultant, have been sourced from Europe and the U.S. “It is very difficult to get India-related documents in India. The documents relating to 13 Governors-General of colonial India that are with me have been sourced from outside India,” he says.

His collection includes old maps of India, some dating to the 15 and 16 centuries, prepared by Dutch, English and French cartographers.

Chaitanya, That is why they fought the war!

Well to be fair they unified India under one command.Only the British managed to achieve what Ashoka only dreamed of "Akhand Bharat".

from:  Tejaswy
Posted on: Mar 16, 2012 at 10:30 IST

And the British are so audacious to say they are doling out charity to
India after plundering our wealth. Shame on them

from:  shankar
Posted on: Mar 16, 2012 at 03:24 IST

As per the news, some of the Indian politicians also loot the exchequer in crores of rupees, offshore them without any trace and claim to be very clean. India should bring back all the stashed funds from overseas, improve the country and heavily punish the culprits, without any favour or fear.

from:  N.K.DORAISWAMY
Posted on: Mar 16, 2012 at 02:25 IST

I really like it, its a very important thing that Mr Sunil has done for INDIA and a important thing for student like us. Thank You everyone

from:  PROBIN MEITEI
Posted on: Mar 16, 2012 at 02:17 IST

Great job Mr Sunil Baboo for getting hold of that age old newspaper.
Great story by the Hindu.
Cheers!!

from:  Bhaskar Mothali
Posted on: Mar 15, 2012 at 23:53 IST

It sure is humbling being appreciated for my hobby. As suggested, I will make effort to exhibit my collection, the only fear that I have is handling these rather delicate papers. Yes, agree about theft and fire.
I do hope readers also take to this hobby, as there are several documents that form the legacy of our country in different parts of the globe, having been taken over several centuries. This also includes artifacts. Thank you!

from:  Sunil Baboo
Posted on: Mar 15, 2012 at 23:34 IST

great Mr Baboo, keep it up

from:  suresh
Posted on: Mar 15, 2012 at 23:23 IST

Thanks a lot Mr. Sunil Baboo for sharing such information pertaining to our History. Well Done.

from:  Dev
Posted on: Mar 15, 2012 at 18:14 IST

"3.3 crore sicca rupees in pagodas, or gold mohurs, or its worth in gold or silver bullion" Imagine the total amount of money that the british siphoned out of our country during their rule!!!

from:  Chaitanya
Posted on: Mar 15, 2012 at 18:04 IST

Congrats Mr Baboo on your eclectic hobby. Hopefully, all of these documents will be displayed as exhibitions for the public. The exhibition need not be free, but great care for security should be taken - against thievery and fire. The admission costs might help defray such expenses. Looking forward to visiting such a display, in the near future?

from:  rajamani
Posted on: Mar 15, 2012 at 17:04 IST

Is Shri. Baboo planning to exhibit his collection in a dedicated
museum or in an existing museum? That will be of great interest to
the public.

from:  T N Rengarajan
Posted on: Mar 15, 2012 at 14:21 IST

Splendid thing which has been share
thanks let it persits

from:  Shatrudhan Singh
Posted on: Mar 15, 2012 at 10:02 IST

One should appreciate Mr.Sunil Baboo for his concern for historical docuemnts.Developed countries have an independent authority to collect or re-claim such valuable manuscripts.Present day India , I think, should follow the same.I still remember,30 years ago, The Hindu had splashed a news about Mr.Mallya bringing back the sword of Tippu Sultan by paying a very big amount in auction.

from:  Yasin Ishaque
Posted on: Mar 15, 2012 at 09:53 IST

Excellent story.

from:  Saurabh Rastogi
Posted on: Mar 15, 2012 at 07:18 IST

Well done Mr.Sunil Baboo. I really appreciate your work.

from:  Tejaswy
Posted on: Mar 15, 2012 at 05:15 IST

Great collection. Keep it up. I think Mr Baboo should organize an exhibition in Bangalore to
display his invaluable collections.

from:  Hafeez
Posted on: Mar 15, 2012 at 04:50 IST
Show all comments
This article is closed for comments.
Please Email the Editor
Latest in this section

O
P
E
N

close

Recent Article in History & Culture

A pair of fighting cocks in action during a cock-fight event. Photo: S. James

Those were the days...

The inevitable cycle of change has relegated many a pleasure to oblivion yet the memories linger on »