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Updated: November 19, 2013 22:16 IST

Rising silk yarn output helps cut imports from China

Laiqh A Khan
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A gradual increase in the quantum of indigenously produced silk yarn over the last five years has brought about a corresponding decline in the country’s dependence on imported silk yarn, mostly from China.

To meet its raw silk requirements, India had imported almost 8,400 metric tonnes (MT) of silk yarn against 18,370 MT of indigenously produced silk during 2008-09. Five years later in 2012-13, the quantum of imported silk yarn had declined substantially to less than 5,000 MT while indigenously produced silk had gone up to 23,679 MT.

Central Silk Board (CSB) officials, who shared the data relating to increased silk production in the country, said the demand for raw silk in the country, however, had gone up by around 2,000 MT during the five year period from 28,000 MT in 2008-09 to 30,000 MT.

Even though the area under mulberry cultivation in the country has gone up only marginally from 1.78 hectares to around 1.86 hectares during the five year period, CSB officials attributed the increased output of raw silk to use of better technology and Research and Development (R and D) intervention.

Compared to Tenth Plan period, silk production in India had grown by a whopping 25 per cent during the Eleventh Plan period, which ended in 2011-12, said CSB officials hoping that India will achieve complete self-sufficiency in quality raw silk production by 2020.

Karnataka Silk Marketing Board’s (KSMB) Assistant Manager Purushotam Naik said the devaluing of the Indian rupee over the last one year also had an impact on the import of raw silk. “With the quality of Indian silk improving and the devalued Indian rupee making imported silk costlier, the demand for imported silk has begun to slide. In the coming years, the demand for imported silk could dip further”, he said.

Meanwhile, President of Bharatiya Reshme Udyog P Chagganmal, who represents the manufacturing sector, said the price of imported silk yarn went up from a little over Rs 3,000 per kg to around Rs 4,400 over the last one year due to the strengthening of the dollar against the rupee. “Now, Indian silk yarn is available for around Rs 2,700 to Rs 3,500 per kg, depending on its quality”, he said.

A senior official of the CSB said the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) of Government of India has approved an outlay of Rs 1,264 crore for development of sericulture and silk industry in the country during the 12 Plan period, which began in 2012-13. The focus will be on improving productivity and quality through R&D intervention, low cost technology packages, reduction of drudgery, mechanization to reduce labour dependency.


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Sir, what CSB states is the total silk production in the country which
includes non-mulberry eri.tassar,muga.In real term the mulberry silk
production of IXplan end of 15842 tons in 2001-02 if compared with XII
th plan end 2011-12 ie 18272 tons an increase of 2430 tons is a 100%
farce ,where is the silk of 9th plan.,let CSB support it by data of
silkworm eggs produced.Simply check the evaluation statement the data
of silkworm egg production in the country compiled by 'National
Productivity Council ' is blank.For CSB to survive the mantra is
Mulberry area and Emoloyment a 2 dimensional for silk they dont bother
about silkworm seed,cocoon reeling basins etc the performance is
simply negative.

Posted on: Nov 20, 2013 at 11:55 IST
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