From Modi to Rahul, everyone is eyeing Dalits in UP

Updated - December 04, 2021 11:04 pm IST

Published - February 07, 2016 03:09 pm IST - LUCKNOW

(From right) Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Congress Vice President Rahul Gandhi, AIMIM President Asaduddin Owaisi, and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s grandson Prakash Ambedkar. File photos: PTI,AP, The Hindu

(From right) Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Congress Vice President Rahul Gandhi, AIMIM President Asaduddin Owaisi, and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s grandson Prakash Ambedkar. File photos: PTI,AP, The Hindu

Ahead of the 2017 polls, there is a clear race to grab Dalit votes in Uttar Pradesh, with not just the major parties increasing outreach towards the community but also new entrants trying to dismantle old caste equations.

After Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s homage at the Ambedkar Mahasabha in Lucknow last month,  the BJP plans to celebrate the jayanti days of prominent Dalit saints — Guru Sant Ravidas (February 22) and Gadge Baba (February 23) — in all districts of UP.  Prime Minister Narendra Modi could visit Sant Ravidas’ birthplace near Varanasi.

Then on February 24, BJP chief Amit Shah will visit Bahraich to commemorate the anniversary of medieval Pasi King Suheldev, who the RSS has tried to portray as a Hindutva icon. UP’s second largest Dalit sub-caste (16 per cent), attracting the Pasis is a key part of the BJP’s Dalit plan. Interestingly, Suheldev is also revered by the Rajbhars, a backward caste.

The Congress is also working to re-gain the support of Dalits and has launched Bhim Jyoti yatras to correct its “negative image” among the community. Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi recently spent a few hours at a Dalit man’s house during his daylong trip to Bundelkhand. On February 18, Mr. Gandhi will reside over a Dalit conclave in Lucknow where speakers will trace the role of Congress in Ambedkar’s growth and tear down the BJP’s appropriation of Babasaheb.

Matching the Congress’ move, the BJP has launched a programme “Ambedkar sabke hai,” where small meetings would be held in all Assembly constituencies to “break the hold of those who have made Ambedkar a brand,” said BJP leader in-charge of connecting with Dalits.  The focus will be on weaning out the support of non-Jatav Dalits, the largest SC community in UP (56 per cent). Battling a perception that the party is anti-Dalit, the BJP, however, understands the risks as leaning too much towards Dalits could offend its core upper caste support or prospective base among non-Yadav OBCs.

A key part of the AIMIM’s prospects in UP also revolves around Dalits. The Hyderabad-based party hopes to make entry into the State with a combination of Dalit-Muslim support (Jai Bhim, Jai Meem, the slogan) and for the upcoming by-poll in Bikapur, near Ayodhya, Assauddin Owaisi surprised many by placing a Dalit candidate Pradeep Kori.

Even the Samajwadi Party, which does not rely on Dalit voters, is not behind in the one-upmanship and its ST/SC cell has got unusually hyper-active holding sammelans for Ambedkar. Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav recently even promised land for a grand memorial for Ambedkar.

The Republican Sena, the party of Anandraj Ambedkar, grandson of Babasaheb has also entered the fray and announced it will contest “at least 200” seats in next year’s polls.  Mr. Ambedkar, with little influence outside Maharashtra, will hold a rally in Lucknow on April 1, when many people are expected to join the party. “Everybody is taking the name of Ambedkar, but nobody is following his teaching or ideology. We believe that if the country is to improve, his followers should get power and fight for those who don’t have riches or power,” Mr. Ambedkar said.

Though in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, the BJP managed to wean away substantial Dalit support from the BSP and poached some prominent Dalit faces, the BSP still commands the largest Dalit support.

Clearly bothered by the overtures of other parties, Ms. Mayawati has accused them of appropriate Ambedkar for political gains with little intention of working for welfare of Dalits. She has warned Ambedkarites to beware the “conspiracy” and “ploys” deputed by the BJP to get their votes while calling the Samajwadi Party’s mindset towards Dalits “casteist.” She also said last week that when it came to Dalits, the Congress’ attitude had been no different and said Mr. Gandhi merely engaged in theatrics by visiting Dalit hutments.

While Ms. Mayawati has raised the pitch against appropriation of Ambedkar, she has herself taken calculated steps keeping in mind a potential broad caste calculus. In wake of the outrage over the death of Dalit scholar Rohith Vemula, she did not visit Hyderabad but deputed Rajya Sabha member Veer Singh to go.

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