Crime rate statistics in terms of offences coming under the ambit of the Indian Penal Code during 2012 have put Kerala on top with 455.8 cases for every 1,00,000 persons. National Crime Records Bureau figures put Madhya Pradesh, with a rate of 298.8, second, and Tamil Nadu, with a rate of 294.8, third.
In terms of absolute numbers, Madhya Pradesh is the topper with 2,20,335 offences. Maharasthra follows with 2,02,700 cases registered. Tamil Nadu comes third with 2,00,474 cases. Here Kerala is in the seventh position with 1,58,989 cases.
A total of 23,87,188 IPC cases were registered last year. In 2011 the IPC crime rate was 192.2 for every one lakh population. In 2012 it rose to 196.7, marking an increase of 2.3 percentage points.
Among the cities, Kochi is on top with a rate of 817.9. Indore follows with 762.6. Gwalior comes third with a figure of 709.3. Kollam comes fourth with a rate of 637.3.
The share of violent crimes in the total number of IPC crimes is 11.5 per cent: it was 11 per cent in 2011. State-wise, the highest rate of violent crimes is reported from Assam (54.2), followed by Manipur (44.6), Kerala (42.7) and Delhi (34.7).
At the the all-India level the rate of violent crimes is 22.7 for a population of one lakh.
Exactly 34,434 murder cases were registered last year: Uttar Pradesh topped with 4,966, or 14.4 per cent of the total. There were 35,138 attempt to murder cases registered, and the highest was in Bihar — 5,452 or 15.5 per cent of the total. Rape cases numbered 24,923: the highest was in Madhya Pradesh, with 3,425. In 98.2 per cent of the rape cases, the offenders were known to victims.
The proportion of IPC crimes committed against women under total IPC crimes has increased during last five years from 8.9 per cent in 2008 to 9.4 per cent in 2012.
Cases under the Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act increased by 5.2 per cent (from 2,435 in 2011 to 2,563 in 2012). Tamil Nadu topped this list with 500 cases.
Of a total of 2,44,270 cases of crimes against women registered, 53 major cities accounted for 36,662 cases. Delhi topped with 5,194 cases. Bangalore came second with 2,263, and Kolkata was third with 2,073. The rate of crimes against women in the 53 cities stood at 47.76. This is higher compared to the national rate of 41.74.
Cases numbering 205 of human rights violation by police were reported: of these 19 led to charge-sheeting. The highest number of rights violation complaints was by the Assam police, at 102. There were 109 custodial deaths and 24 of these were suicides. One case of custodial rape was reported, in Punjab.
Every hour 273 cases were reported, and 373 persons were arrested under different IPC sections in 2012. Every hour 2.84 cases of rape were reported, for which on an average, 3.55 persons were arrested.