OROP rolled out, but veterans want more

Parrikar meets their leaders, reaches ‘some understanding’.

Updated - November 17, 2021 02:08 am IST

Published - September 05, 2015 11:43 am IST - New Delhi

Ex-servicemen staging a protest at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi on Friday . Photo: Sushil Kumar Verma

Ex-servicemen staging a protest at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi on Friday . Photo: Sushil Kumar Verma

Fulfilling one of its major election promises in the run up to the Lok Sabha elections of the BJP, Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar on Saturday announced the implementation of the long delayed One Rank One Pension (OROP) for ex-servicemen.

The avowed aim of this announcement, to end the strike by veterans demanding OROP was however hanging in fire with protesting veterans rejecting the “unilateral” announcement as it “dilutes” several core issues from the accepted definition. In an effort to get the veterans on board, Mr. Parrikar met representatives of ex-servicemen later in the day and some understanding has been reached.

“Despite the huge fiscal burden, given its commitment to the welfare of ex-servicemen, the government has taken a decision to implement the OROP,” Mr. Parrikar while announcing the plan, and said the ministry of defence would soon issue a detailed government order.

Government's Offer

What veterans want

Effective from July 1, 2014

April 1, 2014

OROP will be average of minimum and maximum

pension scale in 2013

Base for pension should be maximum of the

pension scale in 2013

Revision every 5 years

One or two years

One-member judicial commission to submit report in six months

Five-member team under Defense Minister to submit report in one month

Mr. Parrikar said 2013 would be taken as the base year for calculation and it would be implemented from July 1, 2014 the earliest date after the government assumed office. Equalisation of pensions would be done every five years as against the usual practice of once a decade. As per definition OROP implies uniform pension be paid to the armed forces personnel retiring in the same rank and length of service regardless of their date of retirement.

“Under this definition, it has been decided that the gap between rate of pension of current pensioners and past pensioners will be bridged every five years,” Mr. Parrikar said. This has been the key issue of disagreement between the government and the veterans who wanted annual revision in line with the definition. Arrears would be paid in half-yearly instalments, however, all widows would be paid in one instalment.

Another hitch

While OROP would be applicable for the disabled and war widows, those opting for voluntary retirement and not complementing full service will be out of its ambit. This has raised a new point of disagreement between the veterans and the government. Mr. Parrikar said the government would give details on the voluntary retirement in the government order. Asked if the decision would be acceptable to the veterans, Mr. Parrikar said, “I want the veterans on board on all issues”.

After meeting Mr. Parrikar, Major Gen Singh expressed satisfaction on the explanation by the government on the issue of VRS. “Premature retirement is the one point we wanted to discuss. Defence Minister confirmed that Army doesn’t have VRS,”he said. On future course of action he said they would take a decision on the agitation after “discussing with the core group”.

Veterans react

Responding to the statement, ex-servicemen while thanking the government for implementing the scheme rejected the modalities. They have been demanding an annual revision and implementation from April 1, 2014. “The government has taken a decision, this is what we can give,” added Minister of State for Defence, Rao Inderjit Singh.

To address complexities and sort out inter-services issues the government will appoint a one member judicial commission which will give its report within six months. The veterans in turn demanded a five member directly under the Defence Minister and the report submitted within one month.

Given details on the cost of OROP to the exchequer, Mr. Parrikar stated that it would cost between Rs. 8,000-10,000 crore at present which would increase in future. The expenditure on arrears alone would be Rs. 12,000 crore. Currently the pension bill of the defence ministry stands at Rs. 54,000 crore.

There are about 2.45 million veterans and six lakh war widows who stand to benefit from the scheme.

All about OROP:

1 Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar announced thedecision to implement the One Rank One Pension, w.e.f July 1, 2014.
2 OROP arrears to be paid in four half-yearly instalments; all widows, including war widows, to be paid arrears in one instalment.
3 The ex-servicemen, who have been agitating for the last 82 days, said they will not accept review of the pension after every five years.
4 It is understood that a draft proposal on OROP was circulated at a RSS meeting on Friday, which envisaged commencement of the scheme from July 2014, besides revision of pension every five years.
5 Veterans have opposed to excluding ex-servicemen, who had opted for pre-mature retirement, from the ambit of OROP.
6 Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar announced the setting up of a One member Judicial Committee, which will give its report on OROP in six months.
7 Veterans have rejected this committee, and instead demanded a committee under the Defence Minister which will include an ex-serviceman too.
8 To begin with, OROP would be fixed on the basis of calender year 2013.
9 Officials said the annual burden on the pension bill will be about Rs. 8,000 crore which would progressively go up with revision in pensions. The current pension bill of the defence ministry stands at Rs. 54,000 crore.
10Close to 22 lakh retired servicemen and over six lakh war widows stand to be the immediate beneficiaries of the scheme.
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