Conservatives lead in Bulgaria's sixth vote in three years

Published - June 10, 2024 02:39 pm IST - Sofia, Bulgaria

Bulgarian former Prime Minister Boyko Borissov casts his vote at a polling station in Bankya, June 9, 2024.

Bulgarian former Prime Minister Boyko Borissov casts his vote at a polling station in Bankya, June 9, 2024. | Photo Credit: AP

Hardly a third of Bulgarians voted in the Balkan E.U. member's sixth parliamentary elections in three years on June 9, with the party of conservative former premier Boyko Borisov coming in first, but more political uncertainty looming.

Analysts said the worst political instability the E.U.'s poorest member has experienced since the end of communism was unlikely to end.

Mr. Borisov's GERB party topped the vote, winning almost 25%, according to projections published by polling institutes late June 9 on the basis of a partial count.

But it is likely to continue to struggle to find partners to govern after massive anti-corruption protests in 2020 ended Mr. Borisov's almost decade-long rule.

Reformist grouping PP-DB slumped to between 14% and 15% — down from the almost 25% they got in the last snap polls last year.

The continuing instability threatens to further delay reforms necessary to unlock E.U. funding and integrate the country fully into the Schengen area of free movement — and to frustrate voters further.

"Let's hope that politicians will find a possibility to avoid holding a new vote in the fall, which is the most likely outcome right now," said Kancho Stoichev, an analyst with Gallup.

'Weary of elections'

June 9’s turnout was the lowest for a Bulgarian national election since the end of communism, at around 30%, according to data published by polling agencies shortly before voting closed.

"We are weary of elections, and we want some stability and some prosperity for the country," said Margarita Semerdzhieva, a 72-year-old pensioner, echoing the comments of others who spoke to AFP outside a Sofia polling station.

The vote was being held alongside E.U. elections.

"I voted so that Bulgaria will return to stability, and that its voice is heard," Mr. Borisov, 64, said after casting his ballot.

The former firefighter and bodyguard has long sought to portray an image of a "strong leader", which 49% of Bulgarians who were questioned in a recent study by the Open Society Institute said they prefer.

PP-DB agreed to work with GERB — which it previously accused of corruption — to form the previous government on a common pro-E.U. platform to ensure Bulgaria — traditionally close to Russia — supports Ukraine's fight against Moscow's invasion.

But the fragile partnership tumbled in April following just nine months in power after the parties failed to agree on key judiciary and other reforms.

After casting his vote earlier June 9, PP co-president Kiril Petkov warned of forces influencing the country "from the shadows" to derail any reform drive.

Russian disinformation

A partner for GERB could be the Turkish minority MRF party led by Delyan Peevski, a 43-year-old lawmaker and former businessman who is sanctioned by the United States and Britain for corruption.

His party won around 16%, according to the projections.

"People today vote for a new beginning. It is time for us to form a stable government," Mr. Peevski said in a video distributed by his party earlier June 9.

But analysts warn having the party formally in the cabinet would risk provoking protests and could tarnish the country's image.

On the other hand, a tacit behind-the-scenes partnership between GERB and MRF already dates back years, according to analysts.

Pro-Russian nationalists Vazrazhdane gained around 14% of the vote, while another smaller pro-Russian party also is expected to enter parliament, with research indicating that Russian propaganda and disinformation played a large part in the vote.

A survey by the Sofia-based think-tank Center for the Study of Democracy found that close to 40% of Bulgarians share disinformation and almost 70% believe in conspiracy narratives.

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