Education

What is the dropout rate among schoolchildren in India?

Photo for representation | File  

With its high tribal population, Jharkhand has the highest dropout rate for schoolchildren in India (only 30 out of 100 finish school).

Dropout rates among Adivasis are the highest among all communities.

Of an initial enrolment of 100 students, on an average, only 70 finish school in India. While the number of students in the elementary education level is high (94), many drop out during the secondary level (with 75 left). The graphs depict these rates for various levels.

image/svg+xml 100 94 75 70 Initial Elementary Secondary Senior
 

Only 61 of 100 ST students finish senior secondary school, the lowest among all communities.

image/svg+xml Initial Elementary Secondary Senior General 100 96 81 74 SC 100 92 71 65 ST 100 91 67 61 OBC 100 94 75 73
 

There is no gender disparity in dropouts. Boys and girls quit school in equal measure.

image/svg+xml Initial Elementary Secondary Senior Boys 100 94 75 70 Girls 100 94 75 70
 

In sharp contrast to Jharkhand the States which have the lowest dropout rates are Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh and Maharashtra.

image/svg+xml State Initial Elementary Secondary Senior Jharkand 100 83 53 30 Arunachal 100 80 56 38 Nagaland 100 80 55 44 Bihar 100 89 54 46 Meghalaya 100 82 59 48 Mizoram 100 86 60 54.8 Telangana 100 93 72 54.8 West Bengal 100 92 67 55.1 Sikkim 100 94 71 56 J&K 100 87 66 56.6 Manipur 100 84 67 57.2 Tripura 100 95 67 58 Assam 100 95 69 60 Odisha 100 95 68 67.9 Gujarat 100 97 74 68.3 Chhattisgarh 100 96 72.5 71 M.P. 100 94 71.9 72 U.P. 100 91 79 74.2 Goa 100 99 83 74.3 Delhi 100 100 89 79 Rajasthan 100 94 80 80 Punjab 100 97 89 84 Haryana 100 100 88 85.2 Uttarakhand 100 95 87 85.3 Kerala 100 100 87 85.6 Maharashtra 100 99 88 85.6 Himachal 100 99 92 85.8 Tamil Nadu 100 99 89 86.2
 

The above dropout rate is calculated by subtracting the sum of promotion and repetition rate from 100 in a year. Data for Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka are not available. Elementary school refers to Grades 1 to 8; Secondary refers to Grades 9 and 10; and Senior refers to Grades 11 and 12. Data sourced from udise.in

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Printable version | Oct 14, 2020 1:01:42 PM | https://www.thehindu.com/education/percentage-of-school-dropouts/article25909306.ece

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