Farmer earnings skewed across States, show data

July 08, 2019 12:53 pm | Updated 12:53 pm IST

Paddy fields at Kottayi in Palakkad district. Photo by K. K. Mustafah.

Paddy fields at Kottayi in Palakkad district. Photo by K. K. Mustafah.

The Centre aims to double farmers' income by 2022. A 2017 NABARD survey shows high levels of inter-State income inequality among agricultural households.

Income inequality

The map depicts the average monthly income of agricultural households in 2017. Households in Punjab earned more than Rs. 16,000, the highest among States. Those in Andhra Pradesh earned the least -- Rs. 5,842 on average.


What remains in the purse?

The graph plots the monthly average income of agricultural households against the surplus that remained after consumption expenditure in 2017. Consumption expenditure is measured because it is less volatile over time. Agricultural households in Andhra Pradesh ended up with a surplus of Rs. 95 on average in 2017, which was the lowest among States, while households in Punjab had the highest: Rs. 4,314.


Sources of income

Among the Centre's plans to improve farmers' income was to shift farmers to non-farm jobs. The graph splits rural households across India by income sources. Cultivation, for instance, was the source of income for 35% of the agricultural households in rural India.


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