Brazil’s Senate impeaches President Dilma Rousseff

Latin America’s largest country is embroiled in a political turmoil just months before it hosts the Summer Olympics.

Updated - December 04, 2021 11:01 pm IST

Published - May 12, 2016 04:13 pm IST - BRASILIA:

Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff. File photo

Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff. File photo

Brazil’s Senate voted on Thursday to impeach President Dilma Rousseff after months-long fight that laid raw the country’s fury over corruption and economic decay, hurling Latin America’s largest country into a political turmoil just months before it hosts the Summer Olympics.

Ms. Rousseff’s enraged backers called the move a coup d’etat and threatened wide-scale protests and strikes. Her foes, meanwhile, insisted that she had broken the law, and that the country’s deep political, social and economic woes could only be tackled with her on the sidelines.

Michel Temer next President

The 55-22 vote means that Ms. Rousseff’s ally-turned-enemy, Vice-President Michel Temer, will take over as acting President later on Thursday while she is suspended. The Senate has 180 days to conduct a trial and decide whether Ms. Rousseff should be permanently removed from office.

“Did anyone think that we would get to 2018 with a recovery under this government? Impossible,” said Jose Serra, the opposition Social Democratic Party’s failed presidential candidate in the 2010 race that brought Ms. Rousseff into power. “The impeachment is just the start of the reconstruction.”

End of 13-year rule

Ms. Rousseff’s impeachment ends 13 years of rule by the Workers’ Party, which is credited with lifting millions out of abject poverty but vilified for being at the wheel when billions were siphoned from the state oil company Petrobras.

Analysts say Ms. Rousseff got herself into trouble with a prickly manner and a perceived reticence to work with legislators that may have alienated possible allies. She, however, has suggested that sexism in the male-dominated Congress played a role in the impeachment.

Temer comes with a promise

Mr. Temer, a 75-year-old career politician, has promised to cut spending and privatise many sectors controlled by the state. For weeks, he has been quietly putting together a new Cabinet in expectation of taking over, angering Ms. Rousseff supporters who accuse him of being in a plot to oust her.

During the debate, Humberto Costa, Workers’ Party leader in the Senate, brandished a photo of Ms. Rousseff from her days as a young Marxist guerrilla during the country’s 1964-1985 dictatorship. The image showed her at the military proceedings against her.

‘Second unjust trial’

Mr. Costa called the impeachment the second unjust trial Ms. Rousseff had endured, and that impeachment was a bid by Brazil’s traditional ruling classes to reassert their power over the country and roll back the Workers’ Party policies in favour of the poor.

“The Brazilian elite, the ruling class, which keeps treating this county as if it was their hereditary dominion, does not appreciate democracy,” Mr. Costa said.

‘She used accounting tricks’

Ms. Rousseff (68) was impeached for her alleged mishandling of the federal budget. Critics said she used accounting tricks to hide ballooning deficits and bolster an embattled government. Brazil’s first woman President, who was tortured under the country’s dictatorship, has frequently blasted the impeachment push as modern day coup, arguing she was not charged with a crime and previous Presidents did similar things.

When the impeachment measure was introduced last year in Congress, it was generally viewed as a long shot -- as late as February, consultancies like Eurasia were predicting it wouldn’t even make it out of committee in the lower Chamber of Deputies.

Blame it on people’s ire over graft

But momentum built over several months, as Brazilians seethed over numerous corruption scandals linked to Petrobras and daily announcements of job losses added to growing desperation. The economy is expected to contract nearly 4 per cent after an equally dismal 2015 and inflation and unemployment are hovering around 10 per cent, underscoring a sharp decline since the South American giant enjoyed stellar growth for more than a decade.

The Senate action came after the lower house voted 367-137 last month in favour of impeachment.

Polls have said a majority of Brazilians supported impeaching Ms. Rousseff, though they also suggested that the public is wary about those in the line of succession to take her place.

Is Temer any better?

Mr. Temer has been implicated in the Petrobras corruption scheme as has Calheiros, the Senate head who is now No. 2 in the line of succession. Former House Speaker Eduardo Cunha, who had been second in line, was suspended from office this month over allegations of obstruction of justice and corruption.

Ms. Rousseff has vehemently denied her administration’s financial sleight-of-hand moves constituted a crime. She has stressed that unlike many of those who have pushed for impeachment, she does not face any allegations of personal corruption.

The impeachment process, Ms. Rousseff says, amounts to a coup aimed at undoing social programs that have lifted an estimated 35 million Brazilians out of grinding poverty over the past years.

Mr. Temer insists he would expand the popular social programess, though he has also signalled that fiscal rigor is needed to dig Brazil out of its current fiscal hole.

Adding to Brazilians’ economic worries, the investigation into a multibillion-dollar kickback scheme at Petrobras has ensnared dozens of elite politicians and businessmen across the political spectrum. Although Ms. Rousseff herself hasn’t been implicated, top officials in her party were and that tarnished her reputation.

The President “is having to pay for everything,” Sen. Telmario Mota de Oliveira said, arguing that Brazil’s problems shouldn’t be all pinned on her.

0 / 0
Sign in to unlock member-only benefits!
  • Access 10 free stories every month
  • Save stories to read later
  • Access to comment on every story
  • Sign-up/manage your newsletter subscriptions with a single click
  • Get notified by email for early access to discounts & offers on our products
Sign in


Comments have to be in English, and in full sentences. They cannot be abusive or personal. Please abide by our community guidelines for posting your comments.

We have migrated to a new commenting platform. If you are already a registered user of The Hindu and logged in, you may continue to engage with our articles. If you do not have an account please register and login to post comments. Users can access their older comments by logging into their accounts on Vuukle.