dated May 20,1952: Situation in Korea

Mr. Winston Churchill, the British Prime Minister, described the situation in Korea as very grave, while making a statement in the House of Commons. But, he added, the United Nations commanders and American generals on the spot believed they were capable of holding a violent offensive which might be made against them on the breakdown of the peace negotiations.

On the same subject, Earl Alexander, Minister of Defence, said in the House of Lords that the Communists in Korea had built up their forces during the lull in the fighting with fresh troops who were mainly Chinese.

Mr. Churchill announced that Earl Alexander had received an invitation from General Mark Clark, United Nations Commander, to stay with him in Tokyo, and visit the battlefront in Korea. Mr. Churchill added: I think it is most desirable that this invitation should be accepted. Lord Alexander proposes to go to the Far East at an early date.

Mr. Churchill said in the Commons: "During the last ten months we have been engaged in truce-making in extraordinary conditions in which I do not think there has ever been any will to peace.''

Nature of the Universe

The Astronomer Royal, Sir Harold Spencer Jones, in an address on "Continuous Creation" at the Royal Institution, London, on May 22, said that observations of distant galaxies had shown that they were receding from us and that the more distant the galaxy the greater was its velocity of recession (according to a report in The Times). This had been interpreted as an expansion of the universe. All these galaxies must have been concentrated a few thousands million years ago in some quite small region of space. The commencement of the expansion marked the beginning of time. The universe was like a clock that was running down; it would have a finite life, and be finite in extent.

(Correction: N. Raghunatha Aiyar, Assistant Editor of The Hindu, was wrongly referred to as Ranganatha Aiyar, in yesterday's edition. The error is regretted.)

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