Develop guidelines to treat hypertension: expert

September 10, 2018 12:00 am | Updated 05:18 am IST - CHENNAI

Meet highlights need to formulate local plan for country

India should involve its experts and develop guidelines for the treatment of hypertension, according to Daniel Lackland, president of World Hypertension League.

New guidelines

“The country should use experts and develop plans to lower blood pressure (BP) levels. The resources are available. What is good for the United States may not be good for India. So, it is critical to include the resources that India has,” he told during an interaction on the sidelines of 28th National Conference of Indian Society of Hypertension, BPCON 2018, on Friday.

To lower blood pressure, a local plan was essential for the country, he reiterated.

Both America and Europe have come up with new guidelines for hypertension, said C. Venkata S. Ram, scientific advisor, Indian Society of Hypertension.

“Last year, America downgraded the definition of high BP from 140/90 mm Hg to 130/80 mm Hg. As per the American guidelines, those with a BP greater than 130/80 mm Hg have high BP. This drop is a paradigm shift,” he observed.

Europe, while maintaining 140/90 mm Hg as high BP, fixed 130/80 mm Hg as the goal BP.

With the World Health Organisation targeting to cut down salt intake by 2025, Dr. Lackland said every country has a problem with salt intake.

“We take excess salt. There should be increased awareness on what we take,” he added.

He added that drugs prescribed to lower BP worked better if salt intake was reduced. While the ideal salt intake is about 1,500 milligrams a day, no country is even closer as the intake was at least five times more, experts pointed out.

Salt intake

Dr. Ram said that voluntary efforts to cut down salt intake were not enough. “We need a law to be brought in by the Parliament to regulate food processing and the amount of salt.

There is labelling of content on perishable and canned food. But it has no effect as people read after consumption,” he said.

Need for prevention

Experts said that there was a need to focus on prevention as overall control of BP reduced the risk of stroke, cardiac disease and kidney disease.

A critical component was measuring BP as early as possible.

Dr. Ram pointed out that cases of hypertension was four times more than diabetes in the country.

S. N. Narasingan, organising secretary of the conference, said while diabetes is increasing, same was true for hypertension.

“Hypertension is much more. Now, 26% of the population are hypertensive. It is predicted that 1/3rd of the population will have hypertension by 2025. A huge chunk of persons are not diagnosed,” he said.

He stressed the need to comply with lifestyle modifications including physical activity, reduce salt intake and increase consumption of fruits and vegetables.

Top News Today

Sign in to unlock member-only benefits!
  • Access 10 free stories every month
  • Save stories to read later
  • Access to comment on every story
  • Sign-up/manage your newsletter subscriptions with a single click
  • Get notified by email for early access to discounts & offers on our products
Sign in


Comments have to be in English, and in full sentences. They cannot be abusive or personal. Please abide by our community guidelines for posting your comments.

We have migrated to a new commenting platform. If you are already a registered user of The Hindu and logged in, you may continue to engage with our articles. If you do not have an account please register and login to post comments. Users can access their older comments by logging into their accounts on Vuukle.