A bungalow to be preserved

HISTORIC: A view of the Rajan Bungalow in Tiruchi. — Photo: M. Moorthy

HISTORIC: A view of the Rajan Bungalow in Tiruchi. — Photo: M. Moorthy   | Photo Credit: . — Photo: M. Moorthy — Photo: M. Moo

Thillaisthanam Sesha Soundara Rajan, popularly known as T. S. S. Rajan, was a legendary freedom fighter hailing from Tiruchi district.

T. S. S. Rajan, a medical professional, was born in a village near Nagapattinam in 1880 and later shifted to Tiruchi. He lived up to 73 years, the last 40 years of his life were spent for social cause, for the sake of which he gave up his lucrative medical practice.

After completing his schooling from St. Joseph’s College High School in Tiruchi, he joined a medical college in Chennai. Later, he started his medical practice in Rangoon (now Yangon), the capital of Burma.

From Yangon he went to London for higher studies. After successfully completing his higher studies in London he returned back to India in 1914 and began his practice.

His desire to serve the nation did not allow him to continue his lucrative practice for a long. He was attracted towards the Nationalist Movement and joined the Congress. He became a close confidant of Rajaji and through him Gandhiji. He rose to the position of president of Tiruchi District Congress Committee and was its secretary for many years.

In 1919 he participated in the Home Rule Movement and raised in revolt against the Rowlatt Act.

He was imprisoned. He played a key role in organising the Vedaranyam Salt Satyagraha March from Tiruchi to Vedaranyam on the lines of Dandi March, which shook the British Empire. Freedom fighters, led by Rajaji, who took part in the march were his guests and stayed overnight in his bungalow.

They began the march on the early morning of April 13, 1930, from his bungalow.

The march proved a landmark event in the annals of freedom movement in South India. Dr. Rajan was convicted for 18 months for playing a vital role for the success of this historic event.

Later, a memorial was erected at the entrance of the bungalow. When the Vedaranyam March was re-enacted in 1988 and again in 2005, both events started from the entrance of this bungalow.

In 1934 he was elected to the Legislative Assembly. In 1937, when the Congress formed governments in the Provinces, Dr. Rajan became the Minister of Public Health and Religious Endowments of Madras Province.

He relinquished his office in 1939. Later, in 1946 Dr. Rajan was inducted as a Minister for Food in the Madras Ministry.

He retired from public life in 1951 on health grounds and passed away in 1953.

Gandhiji used to stay in Dr Rajan’s Bungalow. The Congress Seva Dal has made a plea to the State government to convert this bungalow in to Gandhi Museum.


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