Declining sex ratio in Goa causes concern

Survey points out to steady drop

Staff Correspondent

PANAJI: A steady decline in sex ratio continues to be a major concern of Goa with a sharp fall in birth rate due to universal literacy, family planning practices and a high standard of living.

The State's Economic Survey 2004-05 tabled in the Assembly on Wednesday pointed out that the ratio declined from 1,066 females per 1,000 males in 1960 to 961 females per 1,000 males in 2001. It is expected to drop in the coming years as the number of females in the age group of 0-6 is 938.

The survey said that among Christians there were 1,107 females per 1,000 males.

State average

The ratio among Hindus and Muslims was much below the State average of 961. The picture in the age group of 0-6 is reverse. Among Christians the number of females was 945, lower than that of the total population. The survey said that high variation of thethe ratio in the total population in different religions might have been affected by `in-migration' and `out-migration' of population.But the low sex ratio in the age group of 0-6 years among all the religions was a matter of concern.

Religion-wise composition

The survey also reflects on the religion-wise composition of population. While the proportion of Hindus and Muslims increased from 59.92 per cent and 1.95 per cent in 1960 to 65.79 per cent and 6.84 per cent respectively in 2001, the proportion of Christians declined from 38.07 per cent to 26.68 per cent for the corresponding period.

This is attributed to a huge influx of Hindus and others during the post-liberation of Goa. However, it pointed out that during 1991-2001, while the Muslim population increased by 50 per cent and the Hindu population by 17 per cent, the Christian population showed only three per cent growth. The survey opined that the reasons for the same might have to be explored.

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