dated August 10 and 11, 1953: Sheikh Abdullah Dismissed

Sadar-I-Riyasat Karan Singh late on the 8th night dismissed Premier Sheikh Abdullah of Kashmir, dissolved the Ministers' Council, and called upon Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad, Deputy Leader of the majority party in the Legislature to form a new Government. Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad was sworn in at 4.35 a.m. on the 9th morning. The names of other Ministers were to be announced later.

The dismissal order said, "Whereas for some months I have been noticing with growing concern that there are acute differences of opinion between the members of the Government on basic issues — political, economic and administrative — affecting the vital interests of the State, whereas members of the Government have been publicly expressing sharply conflicting points of view regarding these matters; whereas on these fundamental issues the views of the majority of the members of the Cabinet are sharply opposed to the view held by the Prime Minister and one of his colleagues; ... and whereas, finally, the functioning of the present Cabinet on the basis of joint responsibility has become impossible and resultant conflicts have gravely jeopardized the unity, prosperity and stability of the State, I, Karan Singh, Sadar-I-Riyasat, functioning, in the interests of the people of the State who have reposed responsibility and authority of the headship of the State in me, do hereby dismiss Sheikh Abdullah from Prime Ministership of the State of Jammu and Kashmir, consequently the Council of Ministers headed by him is dissolved forthwith."