INTERNATIONAL

Signs point to a gunman steeped in far-right Internet culture

People outside one of the Christchurch mosques.APMark Baker

People outside one of the Christchurch mosques.APMark Baker  

A camera mounted to his head, the gunman who livestreamed part of his savage attack on two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand, on Friday began his video by casually making reference to a current Internet meme.

He appeared to be steeped in the culture of the extreme-right Internet. And in the terrible minutes of video that followed, he proved to be a nonchalant, unrepentant killer.

As of Friday night, the gunman had not been identified by the authorities. But just before the attack began, a man who said he was a 28-year-old from Australia published a link on a right-wing forum to an 87-page manifesto, and another link on the same forum to a personal Facebook page with the video that would soon document the slaughter.

Based on the video, the manifesto and social media posts, a picture has begun to emerge of a man primarily driven by white nationalism and a desire to drive cultural, political and racial wedges between people across the globe. That, he hoped, would stoke discord and, eventually, more violence between races.

Australia’s main public broadcaster reported that the Facebook user worked as a personal trainer at a gym in the city of Grafton after finishing school in 2009 until 2011, when he left to travel overseas. Where exactly his travels took him was not immediately known, but the manifesto’s author wrote that he explored much of Europe in the spring of 2017.

And a man using the same name visited Gilgit-Baltistan in October, people at two hotels there confirmed.

Asghar Khan, the manager of operations at the Serena Hotel there, said the man seemed like a “nature-loving” traveller.

Trolling tactics

The gunman appeared to pair the shooting with the typical trolling tactics of the Internet’s most far-right instigators, playing to a community of like-minded supporters online who cheered him on in real time as they watched bodies pile up.

And the manifesto states plainly what usually goes unstated by Internet trolls: by design, its author wanted to get everyone upset and arguing with each other.

One of the goals of his bloodshed, he wrote, was to “agitate the political enemies of my people into action, to cause them to overextend their own hand and experience the eventual and inevitable backlash as a result.” He said he wanted to “incite violence, retaliation and further divide”.

The manifesto, the video and what appear to be the gunman’s social media posts feature typical white nationalist rhetoric. The gunman seems to have a significant interest in history — at least, the parts that fit into a white nationalist narrative. On his weapons, he wrote the names of centuries-old military leaders who led battles against largely non-white forces, along with the names of men who recently carried out mass shootings of Jews and Muslims.

The manifesto refers to non-whites as “invaders” who threaten to “replace” white people.

The author says he used guns instead of other weapons because he wanted the U.S. to tear itself apart arguing over gun laws.

His choice of language, and the specific memes he referred to, suggest a deep connection to the far-right online community. The link to the livestreamed video was first posted to a forum of 8chan, a notorious far-right space, where the gunman was hailed as a hero after the shooting. Some of his references were subtle. As he drove to the mosque, he listened to a song associated with a 1995 Serbian nationalist video, which has recently been co-opted as a racist meme.NY Times

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