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August 08, 2018 12:00 am | Updated 03:32 am IST

** Eutrophication, also known as hypertrophication is a process in which a water body becomes overly enriched with minerals and nutrients. This induces excessive growth of plants and algae. This process could eventually result in oxygen depletion of that particular water body.

** This process, that primarily arises out of the oversupply of phosphate and nitrate nutrients, prevents sunlight reaching the water plants eventually results in its death.

** These nutrients are usually brought to these aquatic ecosystems through the runoff from fertilized agricultural areas, erosion from river banks, river beds, deforestation, or sewage that ends up in water bodies.

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