Conserving Kadaknath poultry breed

An Indian poultry breed, called Kadaknath is native to Jhabua district of Madhya Pradesh.

The breed is famous for its black meat known for its quality, texture and flavour. This poultry reared mainly by some tribal communities in Madhya Pradesh.

Scientists from the Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Jhabua, observed that the population of this bird is declining rapidly and is under threat of extinction and genetic erosion.


An attempt was therefore made for conservation and promotion of this high value Indian poultry race under National Agriculture Innovation Project (NAIP) called “Integrated farming system for sustainable rural lively in undulating and rainfed areas in Jhabua and Dhar districts of Madhya Pradesh”.

Major factors

During interaction with farmers it was observed that high market demand, existence of backyard poultry system of its rearing, slow growth on natural feeding (186 days sexual maturity) and more than 50 per cent mortality before maturity are major factors which affect the survival, growth and productivity of this breed. Accordingly, the intervention made in the NAIP project to construct low cost poultry shed, give training on advanced technologies of poultry production, optimum feed and balance diet, vaccination for protection from diseases and explore the marketing avenues.


Ten tribal farmers were selected and one hundred ten day old chicks were made available to each beneficiary.

The farmers were advocated on technologies for scientific poultry production, balance feeding, handling of feeder and drinkers, health management and marketing.

This new technology reduced the mortality rate from 50 per cent to 10-12 per cent The bird attains saleable weight of 1.10 kg in 105-120 days and the growers are selling poultry at Rs 300 to 350/kg. In this way, an individual beneficiary is getting a good income.

For more information contact the Directorate of Research Services, Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Gwalior, email:

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