All about the eyes

Statistics show that one in every three individual living with diabetes have diabetic retinopathy. On World Diabetes Day, here’s what you can do to prevent eye-related diseases caused by diabetes.

One can never be too careful when it comes to health. How often do we sign-up for health tests? More number of people are becoming disengaged from their physical self with work and technology eating up most of their time.

When you care less for your health, a lot of health complications pile up without you noticing. With more number of people becoming prone to diabetes, it has become a condition that is attributed to one’s lifestyle. International Diabetes Federation (IDF) has marked November 14th as World Diabetes Day and focuses on increasing awareness among global population.

IDF website shows us that 415 million people worldwide or nine percent of adults aged between the years 20 and 79 are estimated to have diabetes. This year, the focus is on diabetes related eye diseases. According to IDF, more than 93 million adults living with diabetes have diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is a condition in which the retina of the eye is affected. There are four stages to it and the chances of one’s vision getting affected are high in stages 3 and 4.

The catch here is that many people with and without diabetes are not aware of the eye-related complications that could arise due to this disease. Often, diabetic retinopathy goes unnoticed mainly because people are not aware of diabetes and its repercussions. One could say that most of the people here in Hyderabad, which is an urban city, do not realise that diabetes could also affect the eye. Amongst other complications that could affect the heart, kidneys and nervous system, diabetes is also a major concern for blindness if it goes untreated.

One has to make sure that they undergo regular health screenings annually if they are above the age of 35 and biannually if they are diabetic.

Food plays a major role not just for diabetic patients but for all those who are generally concerned about their fitness. Anti-oxidant rich foods like greens, carrots and fruits needs to be taken in good proportions. It is best that one avoids carbohydrates, oil and roots from their diet. Regular exercise and a balanced diet is the key to stay fit and healthy. It is also important that we go through regular health examinations to stay in touch with the body.

- Anjana Shekar

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